This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Chemical Warfare: The Effects Of Mustard Gas

1228 words - 5 pages

How Blister Agents Changed Our Equipment
We, as CBRN soldiers, can trace our corps roots back to World War I, where chemical agents were widely used by both the allied and German forces. One chemical used was called mustard gas (H). Mustard gas is a type of blister agent that causes large blister (vesicles) on the skin, lungs and eyes of those exposed to it. According to Heller (1984), when mustard gas was introduced on the battlefield soldiers were unaware that they were even exposed. Unlike other chemicals used at that time (Chlorine or Phosgene) the effects of mustard gas were not readily apparent. According to Namazi, Niknahad, & Razmkhah (2009), those exposed did not feel the effects for 4-8 hours after exposure causing severe injuries. According to Heller (1984), the Germans were the first to use mustard gas in 1917 on British soldiers. When the British soldiers observed the gas shells going off they did not see or smell any gas; therefore, believed that the Germans were trying to trick them. It was not until several hours later did they start complaining that their eyes, throats and lungs hurt. By the time that the United States entered World War I we did not have any protection against the chemicals that were being used on the front lines. According to Heller (1984), “On 6 April 1917, when the U.S. declared war on Germany, the army not only lacked defensive equipment for chemical warfare, but also had no concrete plans to develop or manufacture gas masks or any other defensive equipment” ( pg.38). While the history of our corps is very interesting, I will show the effects mustard gas has on unprotected soldiers and how the first protective equipment has changed to what we are equipped with today.
First I will discuss the effects of the blister agent, mustard gas and how it behaves. Keep in mind that during the time when the Chemical Warfare Services were started soldiers did not have the equipment we have today. Mustard gas is a persistent agent that is actually a liquid, and is only a vapor under the right conditions. It affects the body’s skin, eyes, and lungs by creating vesicles or blisters. Depending on the level of exposure it can cause death, but this is usually due to inhalation of the agent. Mustard is oily; yellowish in color and under the right atmospheric conditions can stay in an area for several days or weeks. Symptoms do not usually present themselves for 4-8 hours after exposure unless the eyes are directly exposed to the liquid, according to Namazi et al., (2009). If the eyes are exposed to the liquid agent, they become irritated at first. After the 4-8 hours is when the blisters will start to form on the exposed skin and eyes. According to Namazi et al., (2009) decontamination must take place within 3 -10 minutes after exposure to minimize the effects of the agent. However, if you are not aware that you have been exposed you will become a casualty.
During WWI the British and French soldiers were...

Find Another Essay On Chemical Warfare: The Effects of Mustard Gas

Parable of the Mustard Seed Essay

681 words - 3 pages Parable of the Mustard SeedInterpretation:Jesus is basically referring to the way in which God's word can be received. That with a little bit of love and devotion, then God's love and kingdom can grow in each and every one of us.Audience:Jesus addressed this parable to the people gathered before him. He was in a boat out on the water as he spoke and this was so that the masses of people could all see and hear him clearly from where they were

WWI: Introducing Chemical Warfare and the Demise of Humanity

1311 words - 6 pages . Chemical warfare is an inefficient creation because it does not completely defeat the enemy. It temporarily impairs soldiers’ abilities to move and function, and for a short amount of time renders them unconscious, yet allows them to return to their duties after proper treatment. The development of respirators later on during World War I allowed soldiers to resist gas poisoning. Thus, the use of chemical warfare to impair the enemy does not allow a side to emerge more victorious; rather, it prolongs warfare. With these constant updates in technology, the development of chemical warfare in World War I has been rendered useless and impractical.

The Biological and Chemical Effects of Organic and Chemical Fertilizers

1693 words - 7 pages or inorganic, it can have negative effects on the environment. Fertilizers play a major role in increasing the yield of a crop. Both organic and inorganic fertilizers supplement a plant’s nutrient source with macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium as well as some micronutrients such as boron, copper, and chloride. These nutrients are all directly affected by the pH of the soil. Certain nutrients such as nitrogen and

The Effects of Gunpowder on Warfare

1644 words - 7 pages than catapults. Gunpowder weapons changed war because they are stronger, more accurate, have a greater range and are able to be reloaded faster than medieval weaponry. Gunpowder was invented long before the Europeans were introduced to it. Gunpowder was invented by the Chinese in the ninth century . They were actually trying to make an elixir of eternal life, but ended up making one of the most important artifacts of warfare . The Chinese did not

Dangers of Using Chemical and Biological Warfare

2349 words - 9 pages engineered variants will be able to defeat modern day vaccines is a threat. A gas mask alone does not protect against agents that are able to act through skin absorption. The Department of State in Washington D.C. has no information to indicate that there is a likelihood of the release of chemical or biological warfare agents in the near future (Chemical and Biological Warfare, 1999). There may be a serious long-term threat implied by substances that

The Effects of High Gas Prices

655 words - 3 pages , and the crude oil is the raw material of most important chemical products such as nylon and synthetic polymers, which are inputs of most industry products. Consequently, the hike of the crude oil price also leads the rises of the industry product prices. The pervasive inflation is inevitable.Influenced by the inflation caused by the high gas prices, people's consumption habits will gradually change. With the rising gas prices, people will reduce

The Nature of Chemical Warfare in the Vietnam War: A Tale of Caution and Obligatory Action

2195 words - 9 pages as chemical warfare, it is evident today that the lasting effects on the environment and those exposed to such herbicides are affected. Clear evidence suggests that the contaminants most notably the presence of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) in Agent Orange, Agent Pink, Agent Green, and Agent Purple, are causative of health related problems. So it remains up to public opinion on whether this was an act of chemical warfare. Hope is

The History of Warfare

2045 words - 9 pages Warfare has been around since the beginning of time, in the back of every mind and in the soul of every creature to ever to walk the face of the earth, except for GOD himself. War has been around since sin entered the world and someone had hatred for someone or for something they did not know, and they decided to take it as far as physically harming or by going even as far as killing them. Some of the first wars that were documented and recorded

The Ethics of Warfare

745 words - 3 pages The usage of atomic warfare on a nation does not only affect that single country, but the entire world. Leo Szilard, an American scientist working with other scientists to create the atomic bomb, expresses his concern to the President. Leo Szilard critically explains that while the United States may require the use of the atomic weapons, he uses experienced affects and facts of using the atomic bomb that could negatively impact the image of the

The Development of Warfare

1140 words - 5 pages The Development of Warfare The Roman Empire that was created through the exploits of Alexander the Great was too big to manage as one and was split into two east and west empires that mirrored each other politically, but not religiously. The Byzantine Empire, eastern Rome, established its capital at Constantinople in 330 A.D. founded by Constantine and the Orthodox Christianity severed its ties from the Church of Rome.      The Byzantium

The Effects of Technology Warfare Due To The Attack on Pearl Harbor

1455 words - 6 pages The effects that technology warfare did to the Americans and Japanese, due to the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were equal. Radar, the atomic bomb, high powered weapons and aircraft play an important role in these two events that will be talked about. The technology had to be right for these events or the events and plans possibly could have not happened. The invention of radar had a huge impact on many

Similar Essays

The Dangerous Effects Of Chemical Warfare In World War One

1086 words - 5 pages ). Research for better and better protective gear arose from this race to create more dangerous medical hazards (Krause 549). The physiological effects of chlorine gas included painful asphyxiation, violent coughing, and death (Fire 121). Therefore, to combat this, soldiers in the early days of chemical warfare during World War One, used muslin-which was ineffective, and later, a thiosulfate laced cotton pad which effectively neutralized

Mustard Gas Molecule That Changed The World

927 words - 4 pages French army. It took a year before the British had developed their own large scale Process for mustard gas manufacture which was largely based on the Despretz method [2]. Mustard made an effective chemical warfare agent because it’s lethality is low compared to other warfare agents causing more injury (80% of chemical warfare casualties in WWI) and further difficulty for logistical and medical parts of the military[8] and unlike other warfare

The Development And Usage Of Gas Warfare

1820 words - 8 pages warfare includes: the different types of gas, common symptoms caused by gas, the effects gas has on the human body, and the overall effectiveness of gas. First, some of different types of gases used were Soman, Chlorine, Mustard Gas, and Phosgene (“Research”). According to Rod Powers, the editor of who received information courtesy of the United States Army, some symptoms and the overall effect gas has on the body include, "A runny nose

The Threat Of Chemical Warfare With Anthrax

2376 words - 10 pages The Threat of Chemical Warfare with Anthrax Hell is a place on earth and it is located 2300 miles south of Moscow in the middle of the Aral Sea. Its name is Vokroshdeniye Island. In English this means Renaissance Island. Renaissance Island was a Soviet Union biochemical test sight before its fall in 1990. They where testing such things as small pox, the plague, and most importantly anthrax. The Islands main mission was to