Chemical weapons, devices used for the sole purpose of hurting or killing humans, are widely considered one of the four types of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Chemical weapons are devices that spread a certain toxic chemical to incapacitate people. The two most dangerous kinds of chemical weapons are nerve agents and vesicant, or blister, agents.
There five kinds of chemical agents. Lethal, Incapacitating agents, Riot control gases, Harassing agents, and Defoliants. (Hersh, 1) Lethal agents include Nerve agents, Vesicants, Blood agents, and Pulmonary agents.
Nerve agents are phosphorus-containing organic chemicals and they work by disrupting the mechanism that transfers nerve messages to organs. These include Tabun, Sarin, Soman, Cyclosarin, GV, VE, VG, VM, VR, and VX. They are one of the two most dangerous types of chemical weapons
Vesicants are chemical compounds that cause eye and skin pain and irritation. Also known as blister agents, they are known for leaving painful water blisters on affected skin. Some of these are Ethyldichloroarsine, Methyldichloroarsine, Phenyldichloroarsine, Lewisite, Sulfur Mustards, and Nitrogen Mustards.
Blood agents are fast acting, poisonous compounds that affect people by being absorbed into the blood. They are either cyanide or arsenic based. Two of these are Cyanogen Chloride and Hydrogen Cyanide.
Pulmonary agents, also known as choking agents, are designed to impede the affected persons ability to breathe. It does this by filling the lungs with fluid, leading to suffocation. Some examples of choking agents are Chlorine Gas, Chloropicrin, Diphosgene, Phosgene, Perfluoroisobutene, Disulfur Decafluoride, Acrolein, and Diphenylcyanoarsine.
Incapacitating agents are chemical agents used to make a person not be able to retaliate, but also nonlethal. They have a variety of ways that they affect people but they all either make a person experience pain and irritation or make a person experience psychological hallucinations. Chemical compounds in this category are Agent 15, Dimethylheptylpyran, EA-3167, PAVA spray, Kolokol-1, and Sleeping gas.
Riot control agents are used to control...