This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Chemotherapy Essay

2075 words - 9 pages

Since chemotherapy agents have been around in the 1950s there have been studies to find out the effect on the health care workers, particularly the pharmacists who make the drugs and nurses who administer the drugs to the patients. I will be focusing my research on the nurses who administer the chemotherapy drugs to the patients. Chemotherapy falls under the hazardous drug category due to the low levels of exposure nurses are exposed to while administering chemotherapy.
The first study on oncology nurses and risks of chemotherapy exposure where done in the late 1970s when mutagenic changes were discovered in the urine of nurses who administered chemotherapy. The first set of guidelines for the safe handling of chemotherapy was made around 1985 by the American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP) and shortly after Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) followed suite. Chemotherapy drugs are also defined as hazardous drugs according to the ONS and many other organizations.
The sources of contamination from chemotherapy don’t just come from the obvious route such as administering it to the patient, but can come from contamination of the outside of the chemotherapy containers, patient excretion, and improper disposal of chemotherapy equipment. Even in trace amounts contamination and exposure to chemotherapy drugs are dangerous. This is why it’s important to have separate bathroom facilities for patients who are receiving chemotherapy and for visitors/staff members.

How is the problem handled by the institution, unit, and staff?
I am currently doing my clinical at UMH 12 South which is a bariatric floor. I have had patient’s with skin cancer, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, etc. A majority of the patients I have had do not receive chemotherapy treatments but the ones who have; it has been PO chemotherapy medications where a nurse from the oncology floor comes and administers the chemo. I have noticed that some nurses just wear chemotherapy gloves while giving meds. From previous research: gloves, a gown, a facial shield, and goggles are needed. On my first day of clinical one nurse put on the personal protection equipment (PPE) and said, “I am just wearing this to show you what we’re supposed to do” but then they don’t regularly use all the PPE required. When discussing the PPE while administering chemo some nurses even said they “don’t work in an NCLEX hospital”. This made me want to see what the exact protocol is at UMH for handling chemotherapy drugs and why these precautions are in place.
According to the Policy and Procedures UMHC/Sylvester, in the Chemotherapy and Biotherapy Standards and Policies Code 1321 (2012), before administering chemotherapy nurses must have the following PPE available:
Powder free disposable gloves used for handling chemotherapeutic agents, disposable lint free gown with solid front and long sleeves with tight cuffs and back closure, eye and face protection...

Find Another Essay On Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy: Improving Treatment Techniques Essay

747 words - 3 pages chemotherapy, which use anti-cancer drugs, are generally included in cancer therapy. Of them, chemotherapy is the most frequently used method to prevent further growth of tumor cells or to kill them. Although the purpose of chemotherapy is to attack tumor cells and stop tumor progression, it turns out to be very challenging to protect normal healthy cells from being damaged by chemotherapy. Anticancer drugs induce high toxicities and side effects

Chemotherapy: Benifiting Breast Cancer Patients Essay

934 words - 4 pages though, due to much advancement in the technology of chemotherapy, patients suffering from breast cancer have been benefited greatly. There have been very many developments in chemotherapy since its creation in the early 20th century and those developments have helped doctors to be able to better treat breast cancer. Developments would include things such as what kind of drugs doctors use, how long to administer this life saving chemotherapy

Chemotherapy Effects in Cancer Patients

1413 words - 6 pages Chemotherapy Effects in Cancer Patients When we hear the words, cancer treatment, our minds naturally shoot straight to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is one of the most commonly used ways to treat cancer. Chemotherapy did not have original plans to treat cancer patients, but it did have other plausible problems to aid. After WWII, lymphoma, a form of chemotherapy, was used to help soldiers who were harmed by mustard gas (Chemo Brain, 2012). This

Evaluating the Mechanism of Chemotherapy

896 words - 4 pages Powerful genotoxic reagents such as Mitoxantrone, Docetaxel, Hydrogen Peroxide, Bleomycin and radiation have been recently investigated in PSC27(Normal Human Prostate Stromal Cell Lines) cell lines and prostate cancer cell lines such as PC-3, LNCaP, DU145, BPH1 and M12 cells. These chemotherapy reagents are ultimately DNA-damaging mechanisms that break hydrogen bonds and DNA strands in DNA. There are great implications associated with the

Chemotherapy Effects in Cancer Patients

1234 words - 5 pages Chemotherapy Effects in Cancer Patients When we hear the words, cancer treatment, our minds naturally shoot straight to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is one of the most commonly used ways to treat cancer. Chemotherapy did not have original plans to treat cancer patients but it did have other plausible problems to aid. After WWII, lymphoma, a form of chemotherapy, was used to help soldiers who were harmed by mustard gas (Chemo Brain, 2012). This

Colon Cancer and Chemotherapy Treatment

1825 words - 8 pages the risk of recurrence is high. Doctors recommend that patients in stage III undergo adjuvant chemotherapy where the patient is injected with drugs into the blood stream that attack the colon cancer cells before they start to grow in the organs. Common side effects of chemotherapy are hair loss, mouth sores, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The side effects pale in comparison to the increase in the quality of life and life expectancy may double

Fasting as a Complement to Chemotherapy

749 words - 3 pages Fasting complement to chemotherapy The CD track ‘Chemotherapy and Fasting to Treat Cancer’, by Robyn Williams and Professor Valter Longo focuses on fasting enhance the effects of chemotherapy. This CD track shares a unique perspective, involving a new twist to our previous treatment for cancer, which depends solely on chemotherapy. A research was carried out to prove that chemotherapy and fasting are complementary to each other. Fasting has

Chemotherapy: Side Effects and Alternative Treatment

1130 words - 5 pages Chemotherapy: A way of poisoning the body to get rid of cancer. Chemotherapy comes packed with multiple serious side effects that can become permanent. If alternatives were looked into as much as Chemotherapy, an alternative would have already been discovered. Chemotherapy is not getting any better progress due to more preventable deaths and side effects are still harsh. "With some cancers, notably liver, lung, pancreas, bone and advanced breast

Leukemia: Treatment Through Biological Therapy and Chemotherapy

1138 words - 5 pages most common treatment of leukemia is chemotherapy. Bone marrow transplants, radiation, biological therapy and stem cell transplants are also available treatment options. Surgery is also occasionally used if the spleen is enlarged (Medicinenet, 2014). Chemotherapy is a treatment method in which medications are given to kill cells that are multiplying rapidly. One or more drugs may be used depending on the type of leukemia. They can be given orally

Black Cumin Seeds as an Alternative to Chemotherapy

891 words - 4 pages Society of Hematology). It is one of the most common cancers in the world and can be treated by chemotherapy and bone marrow transplant. Statement of the problem Although chemotherapy is an effective treatment for cancer, patients still suffer from side effects such as hair loss. Thus, more studies need to be done to find alternative medications that do not have side effects. Folk medicine is one option used to treat many diseases such as hepatitis

Long Term Effects of Chemotherapy and Cognitive Impairment

1448 words - 6 pages Chemotherapy induced cognitive impairment, otherwise known in colloquial terms chemo brain or chemo fog, is now a widely researched topic stemming from the increased utilization of chemotherapy in patients suffering from cancer. While it is known that certain types of cancers are treated with specific types of chemotherapy drugs or an array of drugs, no two cancers are alike. For example, someone that has been diagnosed with a glandular type

Similar Essays

Chemotherapy Essay

545 words - 2 pages The term chemotherapy describes treatment with a type of drug that acts by stopping the growth of cancer cells and preventing their spread to other parts of the body. Chemotherapy is often given in the form of a continuous injection into a vein for between 10 and 15 minutes. The treatment usually lasts for four to six months. Because it goes straight into the bloodstream, that needs to always looked at. All chemotherapy drugs cause tiredness

Cancer Chemotherapy Essay

2080 words - 8 pages fight against cancer, the use of chemicals (chemotherapy) is one of the best methods to destroy or inhibit the growth cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used to effectively treat extensive (metastatic) cancer, which affects more than one part of the body (metastatic) cancer. This mechanism makes chemotherapy very important for a subject’s battle against cancer as radiation therapy and surgery are appropriate for the treatment of cancer that affects

Nausea During Chemotherapy Essay

1188 words - 5 pages Nausea During Chemotherapy Nausea is considered one of the worst symptoms associated with a patient undergoing chemotherapy treatments. Nausea is a “subjective phenomenon of an unpleasant feeling in the back of the throat and stomach that may or may not result in vomiting” (Ralph & Taylor, 2011, p. 210). The main reason being that when a patient develops nausea, he or she are more likely to run into more symptoms such as vomiting

Chemotherapy Medication Error Essay

684 words - 3 pages The topic of this article is medication error related to chemotherapy drugs. Forty percent of medication errors have been related to chemotherapy drugs. It is imperative that the nurses are properly trained on these medications and fully understand what is being administered before giving it to the patient as well as know what the proper dose is before administering anything to the patient. More importantly the nurse must pay close attention to