Chesapeake And Southern Colonies Essay

1588 words - 6 pages

By the 1700’s, New England, the Chesapeake region and the Southern colonies developed into three distinct societies, despite coming from the same mother country, England. The regions of Colonial America each had a distinctive culture and economy entirely different from the other regions. Religion and religious tolerance was completely different in each region, running from being free to complete persecution. Ethnicity and racial composition ranged from almost complete British descent to a wide range of composition. Each region was politically and economically structured different and had its own identity and developed differently based on immigration trends, geography and other features. Throughout the colonization of Colonial America, the intentions of the settlers, the structure of the regions and the forms of governing developed distinctions in the development in the regions.
The colonies each had a distinctive political structure. New England enforced a strong sense of community with fair wages and prices (Doc D, E). New England from the beginning was settled by families. A shipment of emigrants bound for New England consisted of a minister, several farmers, a tailor and a clothier along with their families (Doc B). The New England colonies were created by Puritans escaping religious persecution in England. The Puritans were a group of English Protestants that wanted to “purify” the Church of England. The Puritans set forth articles that would plan the foundation of daily life (Doc A, D). They decided to set up a small farming community. Each family would have a portion of land and did as they saw fit. As a result, slavery did not predominate in the New England colonies. The New England colonies originated as a self-government. This less defined hierarchy meant that there was no aristocratic dominated assembly. The Chesapeake colonies started off as proprietary colonies, where the land owners reserved rights to that of the state. These colonists were motivated by greed and saw a better opportunity to become rich. Therefore the settlers came over from England. A Virginia ship list in 1625 reports the number of people to be transported to Virginia (Doc C). In comparison to New England, there were very few women or families. Most of the people were men of about 20-30 years of age. The ratios and ages suggest that these people were looking to make money over starting families. The Chesapeake colonies were mostly funded by England. The Governor of Virginia, William Berkeley, asked the King of England to help out (Doc G). These colonies maintained fairly close relations with England. They considered themselves part of and under England, and still owed allegiance to England. The Chesapeake region had a colonial assembly. These were mostly local people of the colony. There was also a governor who was appointed by the King of England. The colonial assembly and the English appointed governor shared political power over the region. The House of...

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