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Child Abuse And Maltreatment Essay

628 words - 3 pages

Child maltreatment is described as any form of physical harm towards an individual, neglect, emotional, physical, and or sexual abuse which may result in injuries or could emotionally harm a child (Echlin, 1995). Children who have been victims of abused normally display patterns of maladaptive behaviors (Echlin, 1995). Even though some behaviors are frequently seen in most children at one point , when they are prevalent and long-lasting, rather than isolated and temporary they may designate child abuse (Echlin, 1995). Children whom have been physically, emotionally, or sexually abused could fall into four broad categories, described by their behaviors (Echlin, 1995). Maltreated children may be overly obedient, tremendously aggressive, display excessively adaptive behaviors, and may experience straggling in their development (Echlin, 1995). Additional general behaviors that differentiate abused children including: incapability to form trust worthy relationships with individuals, responsibility setback, thoughts of suicide, low self esteem, having trouble with learning new things, oppositional or behavioral disorders such as a child rebelling, running away from home, being dishonest, and shoplifting (Echlin, 1995). Children who are non-abused but witness another individual being abused, display symptoms similar to those who have been physically, emotionally, or sexually abused (Echlin, 1995). Studies have revealed that exposure to abuse may affect an individual and result in internalizing behavioral problems such as depression, low self esteem and extraction and externalizing behavior problems such as rebelling, hyperactivity, and criminal behavior (Echlin, 1995). In the book Children of Battered Women the authors Wolfe and Wilson describe the distressing effect that witnessing or experiencing abuse can have on a child's cognitive, emotional, social, and physical health. (Echlin, 1995). The authors of the book state that a child's response to abuse depends on their gender, age, developmental stage and responsibility in their family (Echlin, 1995). They recognize additional factors that affect the child's...

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