Did you know that in 2011, nearly five children died every day in America from child abuse and neglect? In this research paper I will discuss what is child abuse and neglect. Then, we will discover why some parents choose to abuse their children. Next, I will dive into a discussion about the long term effects of child abuse. Finally, we will explore what age groups are affected by abuse.
What is child abuse and neglect? According to Child Help, there are different forms of abuse. There is physical abuse which means any non- accidental injury to a child which includes hitting, kicking, slapping, burning, hair pulling, throwing, and whipping. There is also sexual abuse which is any sexual act between an adult and a child. This would be fondling, intercourse, and pornography. Example of another type of abuse would be emotional abuse which is any attitude or behavior that interferes with a child’s mental health. This would include yelling, screaming, shaming, and name-calling. What is neglect? Well this means a failure to provide for a child’s physical needs. There are different types of neglect such as physical, educational, emotional, medical. Physical neglect is leaving a child alone for an excessive period of time given the child's age and cognitive abilities. Educational neglect is when the
child is not allowed to attend school. Emotional neglect is when the parent encouraging the child to steal or engage in other illegal activities. Medical neglect is withholding medically indicated treatment from disabled infants with life-threatening conditions.Which would include a lack of supervision, inappropriate clothing for the weather, and denial of medical care.
Most people wonder why parents choose to abuse their children. The information I gathered from the website, Family Resource Center, is that social stress is one of the reasons why parents abuse children. Social stress is formed by unemployment, illness, poor housing conditions, and a death of a family member. A large majority of reported cases of child abuse or neglect comes from families living in poverty. Child abuse mostly occurs in low social economic groups rather than in the middle class, but it can happen to anyone. In cases with wealthy families, they have a much easier time hiding abuse than other families because social workers don’t usually come around.
On the website Help Guide, it states some parents may believe that they need their children to fear them because it shows discipline. They choose to abuse their children to “keep them in line.” If parents keep using that saying we will never stop the chain of abusing children. In the long run children are mostly scared because they have no idea when they are going to get hit next for not doing something right. So basically they are walking on eggshells and are cautious about everything.
Another reason why parents choose to abuse is because of alcohol and drug abuse. On the web site, Help Guide, it states that living...