“Women with a childhood abuse history are around 1.4 to 3.7 times more likely to be sexually assaulted in adulthood, and a majority (around 59%) of women with either childhood sexual assaults (CSA) or adult assaults have experienced both” (Cloitre & Rosenberg, 2006). Revictimization for prior victims is an important topic social issues in our society today. Knowing and understanding the cycle of abuse can facilitate the prevention of future victimization for such a vulnerable population. It is hard to grasp that one population of people maybe more vulnerable then others, and it’s hard to come to terms with that fact if you belong to such populations. “This interest is grounded in evidence that persons who experience one victimization (an assault, a burglary, sexual abuse, etc.) are at greater risk for subsequent victimizations and the obvious merit of interrupting this pattern” (Weisel, 2005). Victimization during childhood creates a lasting psychological effect and it’s significant to understand the ramifications of this abuse. For this topic we can define re-victimization as “the experience of victimization among those with prior histories of trauma...” (Duckworth & Follette, 2011; Widom, Czaja, & Dutton, 2008). Nevertheless revictimization is defined in several different ways and this is one difficulty while studying revictimization.
The first research study, we need to look at is By Devika Fiorillo, Anthony Papa and Victoria M. Follette, This research was done in Reno, NV and was published in 2013. It is The Relationship Between Child Physical Abuse and Victimization in Dating Relationships: The Role Experiential Avoidance. This research demonstrates women with histories of childhood abuse have a greater risk of revictimization within future relationships.
In this research they sampled 314 women, these women were undergraduates that experienced childhood abuse. Initially, these women were recruited from an introductory psychology class; furthermore for participating the women in this study received extra credit for their class. The mean average of the participants was 19.9. Ethnicity of the sample was primarily Caucasian (74.5%), followed by Latina (8.9%), Asian American/Pacific Islander (7.3%), African American/Black (3.2%), Native American (1.6%), and other (4.5%)” (Fiorillo, Papa & Follette, 2013). The two main measures in this research were Global Severity Index (GSI) of the Brief symptom Inventory (BSI) and the other measure was Dating Violence (DV) measured by the 16-item safe dates Physical Violence Victimization Scale (SDPVVS). The Conflict Tactics Scale (CTSI) was additionally used to measure family violence including physical violence. “Child Physical Abuse (CPA) was defined in this study as any endorsement of serious physical violence at the hands of family members or a caretaker on the physical abuse subscale” (Fiorillo, Papa & Follette, 2013).
The results of this study show those women with a history of childhood...