Child abuse is one of the most common forms of physical maltreatment exercised among society today. Child abuse is the key reason children are becoming more mentally and emotionally unstable. Many people may define child abuse as beating your children or sexually abusing them, but there stands many other forms of child abuse. “The United States health and human services considers four categories of abuse neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse.” Individuals who abuse children more than likely were also abused as children, they are not concerned with the lasting effects or cycle they are creating.
Child abuse and neglect occurs in a range of situations, for a range of reasons. Each year, nearly a million children are determined by child protective services to be the victims of abuse and/or neglect in the United States. The majority of victims suffer from neglect, but some children also endure the effects of physical, psychological, and sexual abuse. “Child abuse is a very complex and dangerous set of problems that include child neglect and the physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of children.” (MedicineNet.com). Research by McGill University (published October 14, 2015) showed that emotional abuse of a child may be equally harmful as physical abuse and neglect, while child sexual abuse often co-occurs with other forms of poor treatment. Children are rarely subject to one form of abuse at a time.
Physical abuse is the most prominent form of child abuse, and usually goes hand in hand with verbal abuse and takes place at the hands of parents. Physical abuse constitutes as the non- accidental infliction of physical injury to a child. A large sample of American families found that 2.4% of children had been kicked, bitten, punched, beaten up, burned, scalded, or threatened or attacked with a knife or a gun by their parents. An additional 8.5% had been hit with an object by their parents (Straus and Gelles 1990). Physically abused children find it difficult relating to their peers and the adults around them. The constant threat of violence at home makes them forever vigilant and mistrustful. Physically abused children may also have difficulty with academic achievement, developing friendships and relationships, aggression and anger management, depression, anxiety, and low self esteem. While all children will take a tumble now and then, look for age-inappropriate injuries, injuries that appear to have a pattern such as marks from a hand or belt, or a pattern of severe injuries.
When a case of child abuse is suspected or reported, an investigation is conducted immediately. Once the investigation is conducted the law enforcement agency determines whether the evidence backs up the case. From there, if the child is suspected to be in danger, law enforcement officials may remove the child from the home. Each State has a system to receive and respond to reports of possible child abuse and neglect. Professionals and concerned citizens can...