Child Development And The Process Of Learning

1355 words - 5 pages

Before children learn to use language to let their needs and wants be known they first learn to read, understand adult’s behaviour as well as responding through behaviour (Bishop and Baird, 2007). Challenging behaviour contributes to children’s social-emotional development through expressing their feelings and reacting to certain experiences with or without control (Berk, 2006). Early childhood teachers struggle to deal and to help children with challenging behaviour that teachers themselves are searching for answers and solution. Teachers should know about challenging behaviour or do they have enough knowledge to help themselves when facing this situation. Therefore; is disciplining the children the same as positive guidance? This review will consider these questions using literature from articles and research in early childhood education and special education. Teachers struggle when dealing with challenging behaviour especially when a child refused to listen but not only that they throw themselves on the ground, kicking and screaming. Bishop and Baird (2007) explain challenging behaviour from the children’s point of view as their way of communicating that something is not right with their experience using pain or distress. In addition, children with no self control, maturity, less understanding and don’t know how to express emotions appropriately or tiredness respond through challenging behaviour (Flicker & Hoffman, 2002). As children with challenging behaviour find it hard to communicate to adults and their peers, Neece & Baker (2008) examined children of intellectual disabilities and how it affects the parents. Children with both challenging behaviour and anti-social skills stress the parents because they do not know how to deal with them (Neece & Baker, 2008). Similarly Chiang (2008) research the children with autism that they use challenging behaviour to request and reject communication. The two (Neece & Baker, 2008; Chiang, 2008) agree that children with special need lack of expressive communication so to gain access to an item and escape demands by using challenging and disruptive behaviour. These behaviour are most likely to happen during academic or structure activities and seldom at free time (Chiang, 2008). Three articles discuss the factors that influence challenging behaviour such as imitation of language and behaviour of adults, violence and provocative themes, movies, videos, computer games and other media bringing as well as family structures, parents under pressure leading to stress because they overwork or sickness (Kaiser & Rasminsky 2003; Flicker & Hoffman 2002; Bishop & Baird 2007). In addition Bishop & Baird (2007) explain the community as “toxic environment” (p.27) that brings poverty, homeless, violence, sickness to children’s experiences. Similarly Kaiser & Rasminsky (2003) talk of cultural influence with aggressive behaviour because of community disorganization, joblessness, racism, and discrimination. Flicker & Hoffman...

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