This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Child Development Is Often Separated Into 3 Or 4 'developmental Pathways'. Examine The Inter Relationship Of These Pathways.

2078 words - 8 pages

Child development is often separated into 3 or 4 'developmental pathways', such as:-Physical-Cognitive-Social-EmotionalExamine the inter-relationship of such pathways, focusing on the implications for children's participation and performance in sport.The different theories of child development all agree that there are critical pathways to optimal, positive growth in social and emotional competencies and psychological health. The healthy growth of a child is marked not only by physical development and the maturation of the brain and nervous system but also by the development of cognitive, social and relational, and psychological and emotional domains. When discussing the factors involved in children's development, the terms growth and maturation both must be understood. Growth can be defined simply as "an increase in the size of the body as a whole or the size attained by specific parts of the body." (Malina and Bouchard, 1991). Maturation on the other hand is more difficult to define. It can be said that maturation is the period of process of becoming mature. "Maturity does however vary with the biological system considered." (Malina and Bouchard, 1991).The primary regulators of growth and maturation are of a physiological nature, i.e. genetic, endocrine and nutritional factors. There are other additional factors, whichChild Development- Z0214322may influence growth and maturation. The exact manner of their influence however is thought to be difficult to specify.Numerous factors (both positive and negative) influence young people's level of participation in physical activity and the positive factors need to be highlighted. "It is also remembered that children weigh the costs and benefits of an activity according to personal criteria and compare them to the relative merits of other activities." (Gould, Petlichkoff, 1988). In summarising the factors influencing young peoples' participation in physical activity, Sallis suggests that there are two main types of variables, namely:- Personal (both biological and psychological)- Environmental (both social and physical). Sallis, et al (1993)Physical development involves a child's progress in the gross and fine motor domains as well as there sensory and perceptual abilities. Variation in gross motor development is due to a combination of biologic and environmental factors, including maturation, motivation, experience and adult support. Physical growth is steady during the early childhood years. Through adolescence, growth spurts continue with girls experiencing nearly all their physical changes at early adolescence. Boys will not experience respective changes until at least 14 or 15 years of age. Nowhere on the developmental continuum is there greater physical distinction between male and female youngsters of the same age than at this period, particularly at age 13. ( Development- Z0214322Fine motor development involves sophisticated manual dexterity and the ability to perform tasks...

Find Another Essay On Child development is often separated into 3 or 4 'developmental pathways'. Examine the inter-relationship of these pathways.

A Beautiful Mistreated Mind This essay concerns an often overlooked aspect of the lives of people with mental health issues: their treatment. It looks into the reasons why these people were neglected...

1647 words - 7 pages they've visited the mentally ill and that the treatment is as good as it needs to be. Still others might mention that quite a lot of money is already put into their treatment and care. These people, however, are not useless. Many have contributed to society in multiple ways, such as taking jobs they are able to do, bearing healthy children, and caring for one another in the safe homes as pseudo employees. Whether or not the money being put into it

Developmental Differences Between Autistic Children And Normal Child Development

1063 words - 5 pages shows little response to the outside world. However, paradoxically, the child in such a state has little awareness of being a 'self'. (Tustin, 1972, p. 1) Children and adults with autism normally have problems in verbal and non-verbal contact, social communications, and leisure or play activities. Autism is one of five disorders coming under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), a category of neurological disorders

Anatomy of Human Proprioceptive Pathways

583 words - 3 pages located in spindle endings and tendonn organs in muscles, or Ruffini spray endings in deeper tissue (Stillman, 2002). Mechanoreceptors can act at different speeds, and conscious proprioception can plan and verify a fast movement, even if it is too fast to register proprioceptively (Stillman, 2002). Conscious proprioception travels through the ipsilateral dorsal column of the spinal cord. Proprioception from the lower limbs travels to the

The Pathways to Othello's Demise

1241 words - 5 pages In William Shakespeare’s play Othello, The protagonist, Othello, a respected Moorish general in the army of Venice descends into murderous jealousy against his wife. Othello is initially depicted as a heroic and successful military leader whose thoughts are governed by logic and reason. Unfortunately, Othello has a few tragic flaws - he is gullible, suffers from low self-esteem because of his race and age, and like many men of that time

Warriors of the Red Road: Pathways to Resistance

2217 words - 9 pages . Through pipe smoking and other ceremonies, they gave these agreements the stature of sacred oaths.” These treaties and agreements were mutually decided and understood. Through this mutual understanding, all members were considered equal; man, woman and child. Bravery is to become something more than the individual can understand about themselves, while maintaining a scope of realistic measure. It is a challenge of self and the world around that

Biology: Main Types of Wnt Pathways

1445 words - 6 pages patients. Secreted Frizzled Receptor Proteins (SFRP 1-5) are good examples of the Wnt antagonists. SFRP 4 deactivation is especially associated with development of ovarian and breast cancer since it is often deposited into the blood stream giving room for the action of Wnt proteins. Patients who lack SFRP4 express faster cancer progression because of lack of proper wnt regulation. Stem cell and stem-like cells are associated with the development of

The Subcortical and Cortical Visual Pathways Analysis

2012 words - 9 pages and encoded. Therefore Bronson (1974) argued that the development of vision and also visual orienting during the first few months of life could be attributed to a shift from subcortical visual processing to processing in cortical visual pathways over the first 6 months of life. The evidence suggests the cortical visual pathway is not fully functioning until around 3 months of age. This report implies that human perception reflects continued neural

Stroke patient and the motor pathways involved

1555 words - 6 pages A patient suffers a cerebral vascular accident (stroke) which damages part of his primary motor cortex leaving his left leg paralysed. A second patient suffers an automobile accident in which his left sciatic nerve is severed, paralysing his leg.Describe and contrast the effects on the leg muscles of these two injuries, including a description of the pathways involved.Patient A is suffering from an upper motor neuron lesion due to stroke, also

How Inorganic Compounds Impact the Functionality of Signaling Pathways in Mammalian Cells

1945 words - 8 pages which the hormone epinephrine, or adrenaline, causes the breakdown of glycogen, a sugar, in liver and skeletal muscle cells (Urry 109). He discovered epinephrine never enters the cell (Urry 109). This allowed for the frame of mind that was needed to discover the mechanism of signaling pathways (Urry 109). Signals are transported, generally, in the form of a ligand (Urry 109). A ligand is similar to a key that fits in a lock. A ligand’s technical

The Role and Inter-relationship of the Medical and Health Professions

1681 words - 7 pages Medical and health professionals have a major impact in society, on a professional and power / status level. This essay will outline a major development in healthcare then analyse the inter-relationship of doctors in today’s society in terms of power and status, linking that with the major development in healthcare. It will then proceed to sum these points up using Marxist, feminist and functionalist views. The latter part of the essay will

The Nature of Child Development

1188 words - 5 pages series of stages. However, referring to human development only as continuous or gradual would produce inconsistent and insufficient understanding of the developmental process .As a result, combining ideas of both viewpoints(continuity and phases) will provide a more explicit of understanding of the developmental processes and their final aim which is to create individual`s integrity within the social norms. Jean Piaget(1929), widely known as one

Similar Essays

Often, Pop Music Is Separated Into Two Groups: That Which Is Standardized And Contrived And That Which Is What Theodor W. Adorno Would Describe As "Serious"

1864 words - 8 pages Popular music has long since dictated what the public listens to. Often, it is separated into two groups: that which is standardized and contrived, often a by-product of the music industry, and that which is what Theodor W. Adorno would describe as "serious". Two such popular artists exist today, Avril Lavigne representing the former and Weezer, the latter. To support this, Adorno's arguments on the state of popular music can be implemented

The Development Of The Parent/Child Love Relationship

1490 words - 6 pages linked to the development of an anxious personality. Other studies have focused on heart and respiration rates or the reactions of the hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal interactions. These studies have noted that there is a difference between children who have formed an attachment with a parent and those who have not when they are exposed to an unfamiliar situation. The child under consideration in this study would be expected to seek out the

Visit 3 Child Development Essay

1518 words - 6 pages Visit 3 Child Development Date: 24.11.04 Time: 4:45 - 7:00 Age: 4 years 4 months Place:Zack's house People Present:Zack and I Aims and planning ----------------- From what I have seen of Zack, reading is a very important and enjoyable part of his day, which will help him develop intellectually, so today I am going to observe Zack's listening skills and his reading skills. I will observe

Critically Examine The Contribution Of Jean Piaget To Our Understanding Of Child Development

1317 words - 5 pages begin to repeat and modify actions that they find pleasurable or satisfying. Often these actions come about by chance. Stage 3 involves secondary circular reactions and lasts from 4 to 8 months of age. During this stage behaviour is focused an objects outside the infant's own body that the infant repeatedly engages in because they are pleasurable. Stage 4 involves the coordination of secondary schemata and lasts from 8 to 12 months old. During this