The purpose of this essay is to discuss three different factors which have an influence on child health in 21st century Britain, these are: legislation, poverty and parents and guardians. Furthermore going onto evaluate strategies that are in place which promote health and well-being of young children. Finally to consider how the growing emphasis on outdoor physical play, is managed safely by ROSPA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents) using risk assessments.
Considering the Unique child, many influences occur to affect from birth the “resilient, capable, confident and self-assured” (DCSFa, 2008, p05) individual, impacting upon the Childs’ health. Consequently the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) (DSCFb, 2008) focuses on environmental, mental, social and the spiritual health and well-being of the child.
Legislation has been a factor of child health since the 1850’s, when the International Classification of Disease (World Health Organization, 2007) took responsibility, leading up to the 7th April 1948 (World Health Organization, 2011), when the World Health Organization (WHO) took over, stating that for complete holistic health development the absence of disease is required. Currently many forms of legislation are in place, having an influence on child health.
Policies within settings are there as a positive factor, promoting the holistic development of children. The healthy eating policy, was a main recommendation formed from the Acheson Report (Lowdell, Bardsley & Morgan, 1999) stating, improvement to children’s health can be made through food policies which develop nourishment in schools. Kay, MacLeaod-Brudenell and Brudenell (2008) acknowledge that through the different policies aims, related to healthy eating, health professionals and all practitioners are caring for each Childs’ health and well-being.
The Children Act (1989) ref was implemented to focus on the welfare of each individual/unique child, in order for the health and well-being of a child to be the utmost of importance. This achieving a positive influence upon children because it ensures that each individual child has a level basis of health care (RCPSYCH, 2011).
Every Child Matters (DES, 2006, pg 5) consists of five main outcomes which aim to improve the holistic development of each individual child, one outcome focuses specifically on “being healthy”. This document influences children’s health positively, because it encompasses all areas of the development of the unique child. Every Child Matters works in partnership with the EYFS (DSCFa, 2008), because the EYFS sets out specific areas for implementation, through practise, activities that encompass the five learning outcomes of Every Child Matters.
From the above it could viewed that legislation is a factor that influences children in a positive way, legislation being the strategies in place, helping to promote the health and well-being of children. Legislation not only informs practitioners but anybody...