Child Labor Essay

2358 words - 9 pages

Child Labor

Child labor has been around for long time and it still exists in today's world. Thiskind of labor provides problems or difficulties in the economic world. Child labor is social problem with the rise of industrial production and capitalism. It appeared in earlier ages in agricultural societies when the children all around the world had to work along with 19th century, spreading to many countries. The problems started when many children, younger than ten years old, were employed by factories. In this paper I will address the issues and history of child labor, the child labor laws, and my suggestions or solutions to child labor problems.

Child labor is defined as the employment of children under the age of physical
maturity for long hours. Child labor is often used in societies where industries are being developed. The governments and international organization usually consider a person economically active if the person works on a regular basis. A child is a laborer if the child is economically active. The children are used because they are agile, efficient at many unskilled and semi skilled work, quick learners, unprotected and easy for adults to exploit. Historically, children working is nothing new, it was and still is often described for a family's survival. Many of these children are forced into the workforce to become beggars, farm hands and factory workers. These children are denied an education and normal childhood, some children are confined and beaten. Some are denied freedom of movement or the right to leave the workplace and go to their families. Some are abducted and forced to work. Human rights abuses in these practices are existing.

There are approximately 250 million child laborers aged from 4 to 14. This is low estimate and could be as high as 400 to 500 million child laborers, which is half of all children in non industrialized nations. Of these, 120 million children are working full time to help support their families. Of those, 171 million work in hazardous conditions, such as working in mines, working with chemicals and working with dangerous
machinery. Most of these workers are in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Sub-Saharan
Africa. There are 153 million of child laborers in Asia, 80 million in Africa and 17.5
million in Latin America. Sub-Saharan Africa has an estimated 48 million child workers.
Approximately 2.5 million children are working in industrialized and transition
economies. Child labor is also reported in Italy, Portugal, UK, US and Eastern Europe.
The Children’s Rights Division at Human Watch says that children who work long hours
in dangerous and unhealthy conditions, are exposed to lasting physical and psychological
harm. The Children’s Rights Division gave some examples of work that children are
harmed from. Working at rug looms, has left children disabled with eye damage, lung
disease and stunted growth. Children making silk thread in...

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