The issues before the Special Political and Decolonization Committee 2014 are: Child Labour and Corporate Influence in Africa. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia fully expresses its desire to assist and support efforts in resolving both concerns. We are strongly committed to building a political community founded on the rule of law and capable of ensuring a lasting peace, guaranteeing a democratic order, and advancing our economic and social development, as is laid down in the Constitution of Ethiopia.
1. Child Labour
In 2003 Ethiopia ratified the two core ILO conventions regarding child labour: Convention 138 on minimum age, adopted in 1973, and Convention 182 regarding the worst forms of child labour, adopted 1999. However, children have always been a part of the economic infrastructure and role of societies in Ethiopia. The problem stems from the ever prevailing poverty which Ethiopia aims to reduce as our foreign policy focuses on diplomatic activity that should serve our economic agenda and advance sustainability.
Article 89 of Ethiopia’s Labour Proclamation No.377/2003 prohibits the employment of children less than 14 years of age. Additionally, Article 36 of the country’s Constitution states that every child has the right ‘not to be subject to exploitative labor practices, neither to be required nor permitted to perform work which is hazardous or harmful to his or her education, health or well-being’. Nevertheless, children of Ethiopia are still engaged in child labor that includes performance of physically demanding tasks and long hours. According to the 2007/8 report of the CSA the fertility rate is 6.7, and when this is combined with backward farming techniques and the cultural belief that children should start working early on to provide for their family, over 9 million children are left vulnerable for labor exploitation in both rural and urban areas. The aforementioned ILO conventions were not successfully implemented into the country, as a research conducted by the FDRE in 2008 revealed. The text of the Conventions was not promulgated into the Negrit Gazeta, the official instrument in the country for publicizing laws. The Ethiopian Government introduced the Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Programme in 2006, but did not include measures against child labour. As of 2012, we have passed the Young Worker’s Directive and ratified the Palermo Protocol and are working towards ensuring that Ethiopians get more opportunity to improve their economic condition as is outlined in Article 89 of our Economic Objectives.
Ethiopia is devoted to eliminating the worst forms of child labor by addressing the current problems by the root- notably poverty and its related maladies that force children into labour. Our Education and Training Policy focuses on the 'cultivation of citizens with all around capability, who will play active roles in the economic, social and political life of their country'. Furthermore, our Industry...