This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Child Labor And Corporate Influence In Ethiopia

1340 words - 6 pages

The issues before the Special Political and Decolonization Committee 2014 are: Child Labour and Corporate Influence in Africa. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia fully expresses its desire to assist and support efforts in resolving both concerns. We are strongly committed to building a political community founded on the rule of law and capable of ensuring a lasting peace, guaranteeing a democratic order, and advancing our economic and social development, as is laid down in the Constitution of Ethiopia.

1. Child Labour

In 2003 Ethiopia ratified the two core ILO conventions regarding child labour: Convention 138 on minimum age, adopted in 1973, and Convention 182 regarding the worst forms of child labour, adopted 1999. However, children have always been a part of the economic infrastructure and role of societies in Ethiopia. The problem stems from the ever prevailing poverty which Ethiopia aims to reduce as our foreign policy focuses on diplomatic activity that should serve our economic agenda and advance sustainability.

Article 89 of Ethiopia’s Labour Proclamation No.377/2003 prohibits the employment of children less than 14 years of age. Additionally, Article 36 of the country’s Constitution states that every child has the right ‘not to be subject to exploitative labor practices, neither to be required nor permitted to perform work which is hazardous or harmful to his or her education, health or well-being’. Nevertheless, children of Ethiopia are still engaged in child labor that includes performance of physically demanding tasks and long hours. According to the 2007/8 report of the CSA the fertility rate is 6.7, and when this is combined with backward farming techniques and the cultural belief that children should start working early on to provide for their family, over 9 million children are left vulnerable for labor exploitation in both rural and urban areas. The aforementioned ILO conventions were not successfully implemented into the country, as a research conducted by the FDRE in 2008 revealed. The text of the Conventions was not promulgated into the Negrit Gazeta, the official instrument in the country for publicizing laws. The Ethiopian Government introduced the Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Programme in 2006, but did not include measures against child labour. As of 2012, we have passed the Young Worker’s Directive and ratified the Palermo Protocol and are working towards ensuring that Ethiopians get more opportunity to improve their economic condition as is outlined in Article 89 of our Economic Objectives.

Ethiopia is devoted to eliminating the worst forms of child labor by addressing the current problems by the root- notably poverty and its related maladies that force children into labour. Our Education and Training Policy focuses on the 'cultivation of citizens with all around capability, who will play active roles in the economic, social and political life of their country'. Furthermore, our Industry...

Find Another Essay On Child Labor and Corporate Influence in Ethiopia

Child Labor in Agriculture Essay

958 words - 4 pages effects, injuries and health complications that could last a life time. However, the majority of this population that makes up the child laborers is from Latino. This paper seeks to demystify the issue of Child Labor in agriculture in the United States using information from a Human Rights Watch. The kind of rules that govern minors who work in agriculture have been found to be less strict when compared with those existing in other sectors of

Child Labor in India Essay

1635 words - 7 pages fields. Other common jobs offered to kids in India incorporate: restaurants, road-side stalls, explosives industry, lock-making, and export oriented garment making (India Tribune). As wrong and unlawful the practice of child labor is, the conditions and repercussions imposed on the children are even more heinous and unspeakable affecting the children mentally and physically . Children drudgery has many negative effects. First of all, it breaks many

Child Labor in Venezuela

1018 words - 4 pages Dependencies. The country is also divided into ten administrative regions, which were established by presidential decrees. Children can be found working in agriculture, small to medium size businesses, scavenging in garbage dumps and gold mining. Child Labor started in Venezuela because the government had failed to solve the education, working conditions and government corruption problems in the county. One of the problems, the

Child Labor in Europe

834 words - 3 pages of the revolution. Many of the machines that were found in the Industrial Revolution ran off of coal, and without the coal that the workers died to get, the machines could not run. Children were used in the coal mines to fit in small places where adults were unable to go, which just shows how even though child labor is a terrible thing, it was beneficial to the Industrial Revolution. Without all the suffering the industrial revolution brought

Child labor in india

1981 words - 8 pages . That is for a company to maximize their production they require human capital. Organizations must invest in workforce department so that they can maximize their profits and be able to serve their customers. In this case of Wal-mart Company, the management has employed few workers which reduce their labor power. The employees in this company are not treated properly having many of them being fired without valid reasons. Some of the employees have

Hershey and Child Labor

625 words - 3 pages treated this way. They should be able to get an education and not be sold or stolen for the benefit of the Hershey company. The children are being sold, which is a human right violation. Since the discovery of human trafficking and child labor was found in many of the Hershey companies labor camps, Hershey’s competitors have fought to end the abusive child labor work

NIKE and Child Labor

1882 words - 8 pages NIKE and Child Labor Nike Company started in 1984, in Portland Oregon by Tinker Hatfield, a former pole-vaulter and architect. Hatfield worked his way into the shoe industry. He got his idea from Converse’s in the early 1970’s slogan, Limousines for the Feet. In Hatfield believe our culture have a lot of interest in shoes, just as much as our culture back in the 1950’s were interested in owning cars. They began introducing their Nike shoes

Human Rights and Child Labor

1018 words - 4 pages highest number of child laborers is in Africa. Groups like Unicef and the International Labor Organization are doing whatever it takes to end child labor. Child labor is one of the worse possible crimes against humanity. Child labor is a problem all over the world, even in developed countries like Canada and the USA, but the largest concentration of child laborers in Africa. Over 80 million children between the ages of five and fifteen work there. This

Child Labor and its Effects

1543 words - 6 pages labor is a major factor of the global economy in today's age of globalization where U.S. companies such as Nike, Reebok, or Wal-Mart have taken control of the market (Calucag). Western civilization has attempted to fight child labor for years now with little to show for it. The main reason has been the failure to come up with reasonable ways to communicate Western values and opinions on practices that should be eliminated and turn them into

United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea

1102 words - 5 pages UNMEE in Ethiopia and Eritrea Akiko Toda 11100311 Word Count 998 Introduction In June 2000, after the two years of a border dispute, Ethiopia and Eritrea agreed on Cessation of Hostilities organised by Algeria and the Organization of African Unity (OAU). In July, the Security Council established the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), and in September, UNMEE was authorised by the Council to ensure the observance of

Child Labor Laws In The 1800's

1548 words - 6 pages Child Labor Laws In The 1800's Child Labor, once known as the practice of employing young children in factories, now it's used as a term for the employment of minors in general, especially in work that would interfere with their education or endanger their health. Throughout history and in all cultures children would work in the fields with their parents, or in the marketplace and young girls in the home until they were old enough to

Similar Essays

Child Labor In Agriculture Essay

1827 words - 7 pages that today child slaves are sold for less than they were in the 1900s. The child slaves’ masters don’t sell them in public auctions because it’s illegal. Yet, child slaves are stilled owned due to contracts, poverty, and fraud. Child slaves are trapped, controlled, and dehumanized just like in history stories. Child labor slave in agriculture can be ended if the government gets involved, if people boycott products produced by child labor, and if

Child Labor In Haiti Essay

1693 words - 7 pages . Not only do they provide education but the money goes toward restavek homes that provide food, shelter, clothes and a place where they are able to “rebuild their lives.” The Haiti people believe that they have to have child labor in order to keep their household afloat. One of Restavek’s goals is to influence the decision making in all of Haiti. In order to do that they provide services ranging from literacy courses to community forums and by

Child Labor In Uzbekistan Essay

1004 words - 5 pages successful later in life. The cotton harvest prevents children from earning more money, while the government receives much more. The Uzbek government has tried to cover up the child labor by harassing and threatening journalists who report about it. Uktam Pardaev, a human rights activist, was arrested, beaten, and held for 15 days without any communication (Uzbekistan). Another journalist, Sergei Naumov was arrested one month after reporting on the

Child Labor In India Essay

1064 words - 4 pages to America. In the nineteen hundreds America had its start and had factories built, taking part in all kinds of things from building ships to making clothes. Children became integrated into these factories primarily for their size; their small hands and height were very useful when working with machinery. The other reason for their use within these factories was because of the ability to have control over them as described by “Child Labor Public