Child Labour Ilo Essay

2428 words - 10 pages

Introduction
This essay will look at the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and its attempts to alleviate child labour up until now. Firstly, a definition of child labour will be provided after which an introductory overview will be given about the ILO’s activities against child labour. Thereafter, a critical assessment will be provided regarding the ILO’s steps against child labour, and some major problems will be highlighted regarding the ILO’s approach to eliminate child labour.

Defining Child Labour
Mowing the lawn, washing the car and dishes, or cleaning the kitchen are the types of tasks that most children dislike to do. However, tasks such as these are not defined as child labour. Generally speaking, child labour is defined as something along the lines of: ‘Labour that exploits children and restricts their mental and physical development’, and thus household chores, in most cases, cannot be considered to be a form of child labour.
However, labour that is not appropriate for children, such as working with dangerous machinery, mining, or work that exposes children to sexual abuse, can be defined as child labour. This is due to the fact that, in situations like the ones described, children are exposed to exploitation and to circumstances that are detrimental to their physical and mental health.
That being said, labour in itself is not considered to be necessarily a bad thing for children, since it can provide them with many learning opportunities. For example, through working, children can develop self-discipline, a feeling of responsibility, and solidarity. The important factor however is that the work should not exploit the child or be physically exhausting, and children should be given enough time to go to school and enjoy themselves by having free time to play.

General overview of the ILO and its actions against Child Labour
The International Labour Organisation (ILO) was set up in 1919, and became a specialised agency of the United Nations (UN) after WWII; it is devoted to promoting social justice and preserving internationally recognized human and labour rights (ILO, 2013). The ILO believes that true prosperity will not be attainable without labour peace, and therefore the organisation battles for workers' social justice rights all over the globe.
The ILO is very active in the battle against child labour. It tries to combat child labour through raising global awareness of the issue, and it also develops various conventions to protect children against exploitation, and encourages nations to adopt and implement these conventions.

ILO Red Card Campaign
One example of the ILO’s campaigns against child labour is the ‘’Red Card Campaign’’, launched in 2002 in support of the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC). The campaign is still running and its goals are to: 1) raise awareness about the need to fight child labour through direct contact with the general public and the media, and 2) to eliminate the...

Find Another Essay On Child labour ILO

International Labor Organization Essay

1980 words - 8 pages stakeholders. Suggested postulates of ILO aren’t implemented as much in many parts of the world, evidence is presence of exploitation of Child Labor which costs less and brings more profits to businesses. In Africa Chocolate manufacturers still getting work in form of child labor in cocoa fields. There is nothing like basic labor facility including health and safety measures and main wrongdoing is child labor. In some jurisdictions, ILO’s

Special Political and Decolonization Committee of Morocco

1352 words - 6 pages with Hong Kong, Denmark and Germany. Comparably, the same rates were at 101% and 88.61% in 2002 respectively. Nonetheless, many Moroccan children are still performing work as child labourers that include the performance of physically demanding tasks and long hours. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that 66,000 to 88,000 children between the ages of 15, 70% of whom are 12, are working in Morocco today. This is closely linked to

Child Labour

1129 words - 5 pages conditions of thousands of children are truly unfair, affecting the children physically and mentally. Hazardous child labour is the largest category of the worst forms of child labour with an estimated 115 million children, aged 5-17, working in dangerous conditions in sectors as diverse as agriculture, mining, construction, manufacturing, service industries, hotels, bars, restaurants, fast food establishments, and domestic service.��Worldwide, the ILO

The Economic Effect of Child Labor in Developing Countries

889 words - 4 pages . Again, in Philippines, children are used in traditional fishing sector. Children are encouraged as swimmers and they dive into the sea to catching reef fish, which is extremely risky (ILO, 2002, p.26). Eventually, most of labour children generally survive their life with poor health and they cannot work full of capacity. Second major consequence of child labour is lack of education, because most of these children must spend their

Child Labour Should Be Banned

800 words - 3 pages wealthy country, but the fact is that there are many Third World countries out there where the economy and living conditions are so bad that children have to work in unsuitable and unsafe situations. There are certain charities that help, but that it is. Not enough is being done to stop child labour. It is very wrong and should be banned thought out the world and looked at as a disgrace.Figures from the International Labour Organisation (ILO) show

Child Workforce Labor that Harms Children

1173 words - 5 pages For those of you who don’t know what Child workforce/labor is, heres something that will probably help you understand what it means. “Child labor is work that harms children or keeps them from attending school. Around the world and in the U. S., growing gaps between rich and poor in recent decades have forced millions of young children out of school and into work. The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that 215 million children

History of Child labour

2054 words - 8 pages legislation such as the limitation of the possession of tobacco to those over sixteen.Global issues created more factors in child labour decline in Britain. The first international conference on the subject of child labour reform was held in Berlin in 1890, the aim of which was to ‘lay down standards to which all countries should adhere’ (Block 2, p95), and some thirty years later one of the ideals of the new International Labour Office (ILO

The Prevalence of Modern Day Slavery

778 words - 3 pages , 78% of slavery victims are that of labor exploitation, and 22% are that of sexual exploitation (International Labour Organization [ILO], 2012). Looking at another U.N. report, as told by Washington Times’ Edith M. Lederer (2013), “trafficking for sexual exploitation accounts for 58 percent of all trafficking cases detected globally” (par. 3). Though the statistics of the matter remain fairly questionable, is is commonly agreed upon by sources and

MNCs IMPACT ON LABOUR STANDARDS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

2974 words - 12 pages , business, labor, and civil society on improving corporate practices in the social arena' (Mahmood, Welch and Kennedy, 2003, pg. 979). Based on the principals of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Compact sets out its guidelines for corporate practices, advocating fair labour conditions, safe workplace, freedom of association and right to unionize, an end to child labor and discrimination. The

Child Labor issues, solutions

1685 words - 7 pages employment. Many work as unpaid family labor, but a growing number are also found working as wage laborer, casually hired, just as casually fired.They are mostly found nearly everywhere. No one is sure how many children work because of child laborers are largely hidden from the world. This is what the International Labor Office (ILO) said in a survey made in 1993:oAsia has the highest numbers of child workers- forty-four million in India alone.oLatin

The Need for International Labor Standards

3599 words - 14 pages ://www.aflcio.org/wto/petition.htm AFL-CIO. 1999. U.S. Efforts to Establish Workers’ Rights. http://www.aflcio.org/wto/workers_01_us_efforts.htm International Labor Rights Fund. 1999. Linking Labor Rights with Trade. http://www.laborrights.org/d-projects/linklabr/ International Labour Office. 1992. Report of the Director General. Geneva: International Labour Office. International Labor Organization. 1999. ILO Mandate. http://www.ilo.org

Similar Essays

Ilo In Caribbean Essay

1279 words - 5 pages International Women's Day (8 March), the World Day for Safety and Health at Work (28 April), World Day Against Child Labour (12 June) and World AIDS Day (1 December). Training The ILO is the world's major resource centre for information, analysis and guidance on matters relating to the world of work. The ILO Decent Work Team and Office for the Caribbean conducts numerous training workshops and courses to build the knowledge and skills of the ILO's

The International Labour Organisation (Ilo) Origins And Functions

529 words - 2 pages issues, such as child labour, forced labour, Employment regulation, Equality and discrimination, Freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining and Et cetera.ReferencesJorn Madslien, ILO: 'Child labour prevents development', online, retrieved 30 March 2009, fromhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3451117.stmMissions and Objectives, online retrieved 31 March 2009, fromhttp://www.ilo.org/global/About_the_ILO/Mission_and_objectives/lang

Role Of Unicef And The International Labour Organization In The Working Children’s Movement

3127 words - 13 pages labour is one of the primary concerns in developing countries. Child labour has been defined by the ILO as all economic activities carried out by persons less than 15 years of age (regardless of occupational status, wage-earners, own-account workers, unpaid family workers etc.) Child labour is illegal in most countries, especially bonded labour as well as those situations which involve children working in dangerous and hazardous environments

An Essay: Child Labour In India:

781 words - 3 pages Untitled An Essay: Child Labour in India: Introduction Child Labour, consisting of children below 14 years of age, is defined by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) as “the type of work performed by children that deprives them of their childhood and their dignity, which hampers their access to education and acquisition of skills and which is performed under conditions harmful to their health and their developmentâ