Child Abuse Essay

902 words - 4 pages

Signs of Physical Abuse
Physical Indicators
Unexplained bruises and welts on the face, throat, upper arms, buttocks, thighs or lower back in unusual patterns or shapes which suggests the use of an instrument (belt buckle, electric cord) on an infant in various stages of healing regularly appear after absence, weekend, or vacation
Unexplained burns cigarette burns, especially found on palms, soles of feet, abdomen, buttocks immersion burns producing "stocking" or "Glove" demarcations on hands and feet; "doughnut shaped" on buttocks or genital area
rope burns
infected burns indicating delay in treatment
burns in the shape of common household utensils or appliances
Behavioral Indicators
behavioral extremes (withdrawal, aggression, regression, depression)
inappropriate or excessive fear of parent or caretaker
antisocial behavior such as substance abuse, truancy, running away fear of going home
unbelievable or inconsistent explanation for injuries
lies unusually still while surveying surroundings (for infants)
unusual shyness, wariness of physical contact
Signs of Sexual Abuse
Physical Indicators
torn, stained or bloody underclothes
frequent, unexplained sore throats, yeast or urinary infections
somatic complaints, including pain and irritation of the genitals
sexually transmitted diseases
bruises or bleeding from external genitalia, vagina or anal region
pregnancy
Behavioral Indicators
the victim's disclosure of sexual abuse
regressive behaviors (thumb-sucking, bedwetting, fear of the dark)
promiscuity or seductive behaviors
disturbed sleep patterns (recurrent nightmares)
unusual and age-inappropriate interest in sexual matters
avoidance of undressing or wearing extra layers of clothes
sudden decline in school performance, truancy
difficulty in walking or sitting
Signs of Emotional Abuse
Physical Indicators
eating disorders, including obesity or anorexia
speech disorders (stuttering, stammering)
developmental delays in the acquisition of speech or motor skills
weight or height level substantially below norm
flat or bald spots on head (infants)
nervous disorders (rashes, hives, facial tics, stomach aches)
Behavioral Indicators
habit disorders (biting, rocking, head-banging)
cruel behavior, seeming to get pleasure from hurting children, adults or animals; seeming to get pleasure from being mistreated
age-inappropriate behaviors (bedwetting, wetting, soiling)
behavioral extremes; overly compliant-demanding; withdrawn-aggressive; listless-excitable
Signs of Neglect
Physical Indicators
poor hygiene, including lice, scabies, severe or untreated diaper rash, bedsores, body odor
squinting
unsuitable clothing; missing key articles of clothing (underwear, socks shoes); overdressed or underdressed for climate conditions
untreated injury or illness
lack of immunizations
indicators or prolonged exposure to...

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