Child Victims Of Rape Essay

1299 words - 5 pages

Louise (2010), a child rape survivor who preferred not to reveal her name, defined rape as being penetrated by a penis, finger or object into the mouth, vagina or anus against one’s will. Hence, rape is a form of a violation of a person’s spirit. In addition, statistics published in October 2013 by the National Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children stated,” one in twenty children have been sexually abused [and] Over 90% of children who have experienced sexual abuse, were abused by someone they knew.” Thus, in the case of children, it is a more serious violation because they do not know how to defend and protect themselves. Although child victims of rape endure psychological problems and display symptoms of social dysfunctioning, some of them can still overcome the incident.

Children of rape face various psychological effects that have specific symptoms that are obvious and relatively easy to identify. In addition, they have a higher risk of becoming alcoholics or drug addicts and tend to become sexually active at a young age (NSPCC, 2011). Feelings of loneliness and lack of confidence are common characteristics that victims display (NSPCC, 2011). The child feels more secure when surrounded by a crowd. In many cases, the abuser is close to the family, which is why the child does not reveal the atrocity he/she has endured. Victims believe they are to blame and are afraid to reveal it because they do not want to destroy the relationship the family has with the abuser (Louise, 2010).

The assault unfortunately damages the child’s life on the long term. They face major psychological effects such as PTSD, trauma and panic attacks (Louise, 2010). PTSD- posttraumatic stress disorder “a range of psychological stress symptoms and behavioral symptoms” is one of the most common disorder children get after a rape crime (Crandell, Crandell & Vander Zanden 2012). As the National Institute of Mental health, quotes in RAINN (n.d.) there are three different categories of PTSD: re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyper-arousal. Re-experiencing, as it signifies when one relives the event that interferes with one’s everyday routine and activities. Flashbacks, nightmares and scary thoughts are examples of re-experiencing (RAINN). The second category of PTSD is avoidance, when one avoids place and objects that remind him/her of the abuse. Emotions related to this aspect are “numbness, guilt, and depression” (RAINN). The third face of PTSD, hyper-arousal is physiological. Examples are anger, inability to fall asleep or concentrate, and being easily startled. Another psychological effect is trauma, very “frightening and distressing events” that one finds hard to cope with (APS, 2013). The symptoms displayed are similar to those who suffer from PTSD such as avoidance, inability to sleep and having nightmares (APS). Finally, panic attacks are “very sudden and often unexpected, appear to be unprovoked, and are often disabling” (Dryden-Edwards, n.d.). “depression,...

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