Childhood Allergies: Symptoms And Treatments Essay

866 words - 4 pages

Childhood Allergies: Symptoms and Treatments

Childhood allergy is an exaggerated reaction by the immune system in response to certain foreign substances. These foreign objects may not be really harmful thus it is called an exaggerated response. In an attempt to protect the body, the immune system produce antibodies called immunoglobulin that causes the mast cells and allergy cells to release chemicals, including histamine resulting in allergic reactions. In most people, allergies appear during infancy and childhood. Some allergies can be outgrown while some lasts for a lifetime. It is best to consult an allergy specialist so that the source can be easily avoided and the symptoms treated. When avoidance measures fail or impossible, there are also numerous medications that can help in treating your child’s symptoms.

Causes
There are numerous causes of children’s allergies. Here are some of the common allergens that can trigger allergy symptoms:

Pollen - these are fine, reproductive pollen found in plants that travels easily through the air. Several examples are tree pollen such as oak, elm, and birch. Pollens from Bermuda grass and orchard grass can also cause allergies.
Mold spores - These pesky problems are found almost everywhere like in soil, vegetation, attics, basements, carpets and others. Mold spores also travel by air thus it is one of the prevalent causes of allergies.
Dust mites - These tiny creatures can also cause allergies. It is commonly found in bed linens and sofa. Dust mite allergies usually peak in July and August, when the dust mite population is high due to a warmer climate.
Pet dander - These allergens are the dead skin that warm-blooded animals such as dogs and cats shed. Pet dander can be found everywhere because it can be carried through people’s clothing.
Food - There are numerous foods that can cause allergies. Most common are peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, milk or dairy products, and eggs.

Symptoms
Children allergy symptoms occur when their immune system overreacts to certain foreign objects. If the allergen was acquired through the air, the reaction will most likely to affect the nose, eyes, and lungs. If it was eaten, it may affect the mouth and the digestive system. Some also causes skin rashes and asthma symptoms. Effects usually vary depending on what type of allergens triggers the allergy.

Food allergy - symptoms include rashes, hives, diarrhea, swelling in the mouth and throat, and difficulty in breathing.
Drug allergy - skin rashes, itchy skin, anaphylaxis, and wheezing or other breathing problems
Mold allergy - sneezing, runny nose, itchy throat, swollen eyelids, and trouble in breathing
Pet allergy - sneezing, wheezing, and other breathing problems
Dust allergy -...

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