Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

1652 words - 7 pages

Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorders
Autism has been on the rise in the past 20 years, and is getting dangerously close to reaching epidemic proportions (Zelan, 1). Statistically, Autism rates have been rising in the United States with Autism now effecting 1 in every 150 children ages 10 and younger (Zelan, 1). Autism can occur in any race and does not gender discriminate, though boys are four times more likely to have Autism than girls (Castrogiovanni). The causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Autism are the main aspects that most interest researchers today. If studies continue to have good results, the quality of life for Autistics could improve exponentially. Autism is a developmental disorder that has baffled researchers for years, but research breakthroughs in the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Autism allow for a better understanding of the condition.
There are many theories regarding Autism, however, the actual cause(s) remain unknown. Autism could have several possible triggers, but any information is still in the earliest stages of research. Genetics, familial connections, having an excess of testosterone, and vaccines have all been speculated as potential causes. Genetic testing has revealed interesting information, but no gene or genes have been linked to Autism directly. One researcher states, “Autism probably results from abnormalities in at least three to twenty genes and very likely has no single causal gene.” (Fredericks, 35) Researchers have also found that Autistics under 12 have an overall larger brain size in comparison to normal children. (Fredericks, 35) This information really expresses the need for more in-depth research regarding genetic links (Fredericks, 15). The idea that Autism could be a hereditary condition is not one heavily considered. It is possible, though, that a member of the child’s immediate family could carry an “autistic gene” and have very mild, autism-like behavior markers that be passed on as Autism to the child. There is no current test to determine if anyone in the family has the autistic “gene”, but studies are still underway (Fredericks, 33). An excess of testosterone in utero may be a link to or cause of Autism. The child would, in theory, be “too male”. Babies with too much testosterone during development may have a higher risk of developing Autism (Fredericks, 38). At one point, Autism was thought to be caused by the live vaccines given in childhood, such as MMR. The idea was that the multiple, live vaccines triggered Autism in children who may have a genetic “predisposition” for it. The case was closed several years ago due to a lack of usable information (Fredericks, 39).
Though there is no noted cause, Autism has several marking symptoms. An extreme lack of social skills is usually the biggest and most apparent marker of Autism. The lack of social skills can be as severe as no speech whatsoever, but can be as mild as awkwardness in social situation and failure to...

Find Another Essay On Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorders

Behavior and Development of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

2106 words - 8 pages This paper will review five studies concerning the behavior and development of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. The studies investigate how autism effects communication, socialization, cognitive development, and a number of other areas. Researchers use many different types of scales to measure and compare the difference between children with ASD and typically developing children. Methodology Study 1 Morgan, Lindee, Wetherby, Amy M

Analysis of “Behavior Predictors of Language Development over Two Years in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders”

1512 words - 6 pages The scientific study, “Behavior Predictors of Language Development over Two Years in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders,” conducted by Karen D. Bopp, Pat Mirenda, and Bruno Zumbo was published in the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. This study was conducted in British Columbia, Canada from data retrieved from a database of another study. The goal of this study was to determine if certain types of behaviors often displayed

Childhood Apraxia of Speech in Those with Autism Spectrum Disorder

666 words - 3 pages CAS is a very specific disorder with a very specific profile, and is thus different from “typical” speech sound disorders. The hypothesis of CAS in ASD (the CAS-ASD hypothesis) is that “CAS contributes to the inappropriate speech, prosody, and/or voice features reported in some children and adults with verbal ASD” (Shriberg et al., 2011, p. 405). For this to be true, the speech, prosody, and voice findings in children with ASD must not only be

Autism Spectrum

1252 words - 5 pages to indicate but can also not be seen entirely in the child’s behavior. (Baird et al) There are different disorders that are involved with different symptoms. “The five primary disorders diagnosed under the autism spectrum are autism, Asperger’s syndrome, Rett’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and the catch-all diagnosis of pervasive personality disorder not otherwise specified.” (Chittom) Autism and PDD, pervasive developmental

Teaching Strategies for Autism

910 words - 4 pages Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder is one of many developmental disabilities that affect students learning. In fact, in the United States, Autism is the fastest-growing severe developmental disorder (“What is Autism,” n.d.). Also, the prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder is 1 in 68 children and the prevalence in boys is 1 in 42 children (“What is Autism,” n.d.). Furthermore, Autism Spectrum Disorders also affects the way a child learns and

The Autism Spectrum: Possible Causes and Effects

1715 words - 7 pages is “Fragile X Syndrome” (Causes). Studies have shown that 30% of people with Fragile X Syndrome have Autism as well (Autism and Fragile X Syndrome). Tuberous sclerosis is another disease often associated with the genetics of Autism. About 40% of people with Tuberous sclerosis develop Autism (TSC and Autism Spectrum Disorders). The main reason for the two diseases link is because of “the abnormalities in brain development that occur in TSC

Autism Spectrum Disorder

1191 words - 5 pages Autism Spectrum Disorder, Autism, and also known as being Autistic, can be a very mild or very severe disorder, or even a little in between. “With the May 2013 publication of the DSM-5 diagnostic manual, all autism disorders were merged into one umbrella diagnosis of ASD. Previously, they were recognized as distinct subtypes, including autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder- not otherwise specified

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Interventions

1306 words - 5 pages Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that develops during a child’s first few years of life (Lesack, Bearss, Celano, & Sharp, 2014). This disorder occurs significantly more often in boys than girls (Goldstein, Naglieri, Rzepa, & Williams, 2012). Autism is part of a group that is known as pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), which also includes Asperger’s disorder, Rett disorder, childhood

Autism

810 words - 4 pages may face amplified medical conditions. Although there is no present cure, treatment options, such as medication and therapeutic activities, are available to improve the patient’s quality of life. Autism Spectrum Disorder is a disorder that can be detrimental to the infected individual. Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Autism are both general terms for a group of lifelong neurological growth disorders. These disorders are often characterized

Teaching stategies for autism

1132 words - 5 pages Austism spectrum disorders have become an issue of central concern in relation to educational provision, due to its rising profile in society and in particular education. (Marwick et al., 2005) For this reason, this review will outline the background to autism and present information about various approaches used to teach children with severe autism. Recent work has extended knowledge of the effect of autism on interpersonal, communicative

Forms of Autism Spectrum Disorder

747 words - 3 pages Shelby Bailey Ms. Price Composition 1 March 27, 2014 The Definition of Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. Autism effects verbal and nonverbal communication. It can cause intellectual disabilities and physical health issues. Sleep is a major physical health issue affected by autism. Autism affects over 2 million individuals in the United States

Similar Essays

Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

1536 words - 6 pages This paper will discuss the characteristics or Autism Spectrum Disorder, including its symptoms, treatments, and possible causes. This paper will also highlight the differences between Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) and Asperger Disorder(AD). Autism spectrum disorders effect one in 110 births in the United States. Autism spectrum disorders are severe, incurable developmental disorders whose symptoms, including impairments in social interaction

Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

1957 words - 8 pages Autism is a form of neurodevelopment disorder in the autism spectrum disorders. It is characterized by impaired development in social interactions and communication, both verbal and non-verbal. There is an observed lack of spontaneous acts of communication; both receptive and expressed, as well as speech impairments. A person diagnosed with Autism will also show a limited range of activities and interests, as well as forming and maintain peer

Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

1690 words - 7 pages ] Merry Barua and Tamara C Daley, (2008), Autistic Spectrum Disorders - A Guide for Paediatricians in India, Publications Division of the National Centre for Autism Action for Autism, New Delhi [5] Philipp Michel, (2004), The Use of Technology in the Study, Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism, Final term paper for CSC350 [6] Matthew Goodwin, (2008), Enhancing and Accelerating the Pace of Autism Research and Treatment, Focus on Autism and Other

Genetics And The Possible Causation Of Autism Spectrum Disorders

1448 words - 6 pages States is $3.2 million dollars. As autism tends to effect several people within a family, the cost of treating a family with autism related symptoms runs around $35 billion (Ganz 2007, pg 343-349). Organizations such as Autism Speaks and FACES (Foundation for Autistic Childhood Education and Support) provide support for those affected by autism spectrum disorders. These groups also raise money to fund research and help find a cure for the