Childhood Development Observation And Analysis

1802 words - 7 pages

Children are complex, and the way a child develops differs from individual to individual. The study of children is a field that researchers, scientists, theorists and educators have been exploring for decades. CHYS 1F90 studies the foundations of childhood development and allows the students to look at the way children develop through multiple lenses. Many conclusions have been drawn, observing how, when and why children develop the way they do. Jerry and Samantha are both grade one students who are unrelated. Although these two students are both the same age, they are different on a variety of accounts. Jerry is a shy and introverted boy who quickly becomes uncomfortable while talking to adults, teachers and peers, contrariwise Samantha is immensely confident and demonstrates extroversion around others. After analyzing both Jerry and Samantha through a biological, learning theorist and psychoanalytical lens, the reasons for the first-graders differences are clear. Depending on the lens in which an individual looks through when analyzing the development of children, interesting and intriguing conclusions can be drawn regarding the broad topic of understanding how children develop.

Biological Lens:
Looking at child development from a biological perspective is a tactic very popular throughout the scientific community (Gardner, 2005). Many theories, such as the maturational theory and ethological theory, help to enforce the biological theory, which states that development is determined primarily by biological forces (McNamara, 2011). After exploring Jerry and Samantha’s development, specifically social progress, through a biological lens, much rationality is apparent as to why these two first graders experience different levels of confidence in specific settings. According to Arnold Gesell (1880-1961), the development of children unfolds naturally, according to their biological plan (McNamara, 2011). Gesell believed that children develop intuitively, with no need for interference or guidance from adults. This theory has been said to be the first real stepping-stone of biological research regarding child development, and since, many scientists and theorists have developed different concepts regarding this extensive topic. Perhaps it extroversion is just not in Jerry’s biological plan, and environmental factors aside, he is meant to be a timid individual. Biological plans begin the moment of conception, where factors such as meiosis and mitosis generate the blue print for the child’s biological plan (McNamara, 2011). Combined, the father’s sperm and mother’s ovum creates a zygote, which obtains a total of forty-six chromosomes; fifty percent from each parent. When the splitting of the sperm and unfertilized egg cells occur, it happens arbitrarily. There has been specific research on the existence of a gene that directly impacts an individual’s reticence levels, by Schmidt, Fox, Rubin, Hu and Hamer (2001). The Dopamine...

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