Childhood Diabetes Essay

1679 words - 7 pages

(Add intro, statistics, thesis) A lot of different people can get diabetes with or without symptoms, but with medications and proper diet and exercise the disease can be maintained.

There are two different types of diabetes, type one and type two diabetes. Diabetes is the disease where the pancreas does not produce insulin which is a necessary hormone needed for the body to function. Insulin is a hormone that the body requires to convert sugars, starches and other foods into energy to be used in everyday life. After a meal has been consumed, the body breaks down the foods consumed into glucose and nutrients that the body needs and they are then absorbed into the bloodstream through the gastrointestinal tract. After the glucose has been absorbed into the bloodstream, the body then sends a signal to the pancreas for it to begin producing insulin for the body. In people with diabetes, their bodies may stop producing insulin or their bodies may no longer respond to the hormone. Without insulin, glucose cannot gain the key of access into the cells to produce energy for the body to function. If the glucose does not make its way into the cells, it stays in the bloodstream which will result in elevated glucose levels which can lead to other health problems. The overall disease of diabetes is the similar but there are some differences between type one and type two. In type one diabetes, the body’s own immune system attacks the cells of the pancreas and destroys them so that they cannot produce insulin anymore causing them to become diabetic. Scientists believe that the cause of type one diabetes is more often passed through the genes of the parents, however, in recent times being overweight is starting to be more of the cause of developing diabetes. Type two diabetes is more often related to obesity because the increased amount of fat makes it harder for the body to use the insulin in the correct way. Not only overweight people can get type two diabetes, it is also common in thin people especially the elderly.
Each year more than 13,000 are diagnosed with type one diabetes. More than 151,000 people under the age of 20 have been diagnosed with diabetes. Anyone can get diabetes. Usually 45% to 80% of children who are diagnosed with diabetes have at least one parent who also has the disease or it may run in the family line somewhere as well. Children who are diagnosed with type two diabetes are usually obese and have a strong family history for the disease. White people are more likely to get type one diabetes, however type two is more common in non-white ethnic groups. Having diabetes can affect a lot of different people’s lives. When children are diagnosed with diabetes, it can result in a lot of different emotions running through their mind. It can cause them to become isolated and feel different from other children around them because the child with diabetes may have to take insulin shots and the child without the disease does not. This may cause the...

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