Childhood Mortality: Happy Fifth Birthday, And A Toast To The Rest Of A Better Life

1746 words - 7 pages

Although childhood mortality rates have improved in recent years there is still much to be done to improve the health of children throughout the world. In 2012 6.6 million children died before the age of five. By analyzing causes of childhood mortality rates solutions can be sought to further improve the quality of life for children under five worldwide.
Since 1960 child mortality rates have dropped substantially. In 1960 the worldwide child mortality rate for children under 5 years old was 1 billion compared to 6.6 million in 2012, (UNICEF, HUMAN PROGRESS ACT 2011). Sadly in 2012 nearly 1800 children died worldwide every day before reaching their 5th birthday (Human Progress pg. 2). In more recent years it was found that the rate has been cut in half since the 1990’s. Evidence and trends suggests that poorer, undeveloped countries such as; China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. The countries of India and Nigeria making up at least 1/3 of the childhood mortality rate in the world today. While it’s evident that these third world countries have some of the highest rates for child mortality and for obvious reasons, a look at the causes behind childhood mortality provide useful information for the improvement and prevention of childhood mortality rates in all countries. A variety of causes contribute to the reasons of child fatality. Anywhere from high population rate and low economic stability; to get to the bottom of this worldwide epidemic I feel it necessary to explore these reasons
The reasons seem almost clear why developed countries such as America don’t have as astonishing statistics. In fact the only thing astonishing about their statistics is that there so small in comparison. In America the rate of children who die before five is 4,316 per year or 26.5 per 100,000 populations, UK having 5.3 every 1,000 live births, and other west European countries decrease with smaller populations. The reasons for the great amount less is due to the better economic stability and more access to modern medicines.
As for the poor third world countries it’s probably obvious why they have these astonishing higher statistics. I would like to go into the most leading reasons to the death toll. Note that these reasons aren’t just limited to the poorer countries. These include: pneumonia, birth asphyxia, diarrhea/ malaria, under nutrition, over population, congenital disease, measles, AIDS/HIV, meningitis, and maternal health issues (just to name a few). These issues in some cases come hand in hand. For example India and Nigeria are common for being grossly over populated, they also are very poor. Limiting them from resources we here in America find part of everyday life, and quite frankly take advantage of. In these countries the population continues to grow, and with limited resources it is almost impossible to put a stunt in reducing this ever growing mass population problem. Limited resources and poor economy also has to do...

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