Childhood obesity is becoming a prevalent, and scary reality in the United States. The body mass index (also referred to commonly as the BMI) is calculated by a growth chart developed by the Center for Disease Control (CDC). These charts help to determine the corresponding BMI-Per-Age percentile. These numbers help determine whether a child is at a healthy rate of physical growth. The BMI is calculated from your height and weight.
Studies for childhood/adolescent obesity target the age group of 2-19 years old. When the child/adolescent is at or above the 85% through the 95% range on the BMI chart, they are considered to be overweight. Anything above the 95% mark is considered obese. According to the studies from the Center for Disease Control, since 2008, is has become more common to find children obese, instead of just overweight. This is a very concerning fact for America, because obesity at an early age, in many cases, will continue through life and progressively be the cause of many health risks.
According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), approximately 17% of people - ages 2-19 years old - are obese. Preschool age children (between the ages of 2-5) have shown increasing large statistics when comparing weight gain to previous years. With the increase in childhood obesity, comes a multitude of health problems that overweight children can carry throughout their lives. High blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes type 2 are common cardiovascular diseases that are associated with children that are overweight. When these types of cardiovascular diseases are developed as a child, it is likely that they will battle them as an overweight adult because it is common for overweight children to becomes overweight adults. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the Center for Disease Control, 80% of children that are obese between the ages of 10-15 years old, carried the obesity through their adulthood. The same study noted that when children are overweight before the age of 8 years old, the diseases and chances of them becoming overweight adults will be much more severe.
The risks that are linked to childhood obesity not only affect your body, but your mind, as well. Depression is often linked with childhood obesity. Children have become inactive and have begun to choose video games and junk food over outdoor play. With this sedentary lifestyle, and lack of nutrition, they begin to overeat. Their level of activity is not compensating for the amount of calories being taken in, thus, leading to the child become overweight or even obese. When the child becomes overweight or obese, they are at a higher risk of being teased or bullied by their peers, siblings, or other adults, which may lead to depression. Also, when the adolescent...