The Long Term Effects Of Childhood Obesity

723 words - 3 pages

Children can experience numerous complications in relation to their obesity, and it is important to understand these long-term effects on their body. Childhood obesity has been shown to persist into adulthood, causing an increase in morbidity and early mortality for those affected. Illnesses that were historically unheard of in pediatrics are occurring more frequently. Metabolic syndrome was once a predictor of adult cardiovascular disease and diabetes, but has recently been used for pediatrics. Pediatric patients with the diagnosis of metabolic disorder tend to be obese, sedentary, and show signs of insulin resistance and hypertension. Metabolic syndrome is increasing by 16% in children (Malek, 2010, p.1) and is a precursor to type II diabetes. Rates of type II diabetes in children have growth drastically; 85% of children with type II diabetes are overweight or obese (Waldman & Perlman, 2007, p.12). According to Waldman and Perlman (2007), about two thirds of diabetics die from stroke or heart disease (p.12). Obese children are being set up for these serious cardiovascular disorders and the need for treatment with antihypertensives, insulin, and other medication regimens. Diabetics are also at risk for blindness, kidney failure, nervous system damage, and periodontal disease (Waldman & Perlman, 2007, p.12). Waldman and Perlman (2007) also stated that as a child’s weight increases, so does their chance of death, and “over 300,000 deaths per year will be attributed to obesity” (p.13).
New pediatric diagnoses have encouraged more research on the effects of childhood obesity. Kelly and Reilly (2011) explored nine of these studies, with each naming obesity the cause for significant morbidity in adulthood (p. 3). Diabetes, heart disease, hypertension in early adulthood, hospitalization for stroke, and premature deaths are among the most serious long-term complications (Kelly & Reilly, 2011, p.3). Kelly and Reilly’s research even found that childhood obesity is related to an increase in prevalence of various forms of cancer. In one study, it was shown that obesity did not increase the prevalence of cancer, but did increase the chances of mortality for cancer once diagnosed (Kelly & Reilly, 2011, p.4).
Childhood obesity is also directly correlated with asthma. In obese children,...

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