Childhood Obesity As A Predictor Of Premature Death

917 words - 4 pages

Analysis of Newspaper Research Report Paper
Childhood obesity has risen dramatically within the past few decades increasing ones awareness of the consequences that this disease entails. An average of 30% of children are suffering from obesity and overweight each year and yet, this condition remains to be under diagnosed and untreated (Moran, 1999). It is said that overweight children have a greater risk of developing medical problems and that these problems may ultimately lead to death for those suffering with the complications of this disease. Therefore, a research study will be observed to determine the statistical procedures used, the study findings and conclusion associated with the article, and the accuracy of these findings to determine if the result of this disease may accurately be as severe as death.
Article and Statistical Procedures
The article named “Child Obesity Risks Death at Early Age, Study Finds” written by Roni Caryn Rabin, was published by The New York Times on February 10, 2010, within the health section of the newspaper. The original study in accordance with this article printed in the New England Journal of Medicine was edited by the author associated with the New York Times to portray only the statistical aspect of obesity and its consequences regarding the medical side effects of the disease. To analyze the data 4,857 non-diabetic American Indian children born between 1945 and 1984 were observed. When these children reached the age of approximately 11 the extent of which body mass index, blood pressure, glucose tolerance, and total cholesterol levels were taken and assessed to predict the likelihood of premature death (Rabin, 2010). By, 2003 these individuals were again observed to identify whether or not the predictions made by the earlier assessment had any ground.

Study and Conclusions Reached
In the study, it is shown that by 2003, 559 of the original 4,857 participants had passed on however; only 166 had died from causes related to medical complications. Out of the 166 individuals who had lost his or her life as a result of medically related consequences the causes of these deaths were associated with cardiovascular disease, infections, cancer, diabetes, alcohol poisoning, drug overdose, and alcoholic liver disease (Rabin, 2010). The study concluded that as stated by Rabin (2010), ‘Adults who had the highest body mass index scores as children were 2.3 times as likely to have died early as those with the lowest scores, and those with the highest glucose levels were 73% more likely to have died prematurely’ (para. 8). The study also concluded that high blood pressure in childhood was only a weak predictor of premature death associated with obesity and that high cholesterol was not associated in any way however, these factors may have little to no association because factors such as these are easy to control with mediations (Rabin, 2010).
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