Childlessness Among The Elderly: Effects Of Social Ties

1528 words - 6 pages

Childlessness and Social Integration Among Elders
According to Dykstra (2006), social integration refers to the idea that “people are socially integrated and embedded when their lives are tied to the lives of other in personally meaningful ways” (p.749). Such relationships often occur when individuals attend or engage in community events and social networks. Social integration leads to different levels of satisfaction in life among the elders with or without children.
Older populations with children are more likely to engage in social networks and expand their personal connections with others because they believe that it will create more opportunities for their children later in life (Dykstra, 2006). Also, older parents tend to have larger social networks as new acquaintanceships develop upon the presence of children. These acquaintanceships can be acquired from the neighborhood that people live in, through friends, and in the school that children attend (Dykstra, 2006). However, other research have provided opposing evidence that as most women consider parenthood as a central aspect of their lives, presence of children accounts for smaller network size among the mothers (Dykstra, 2006). Dykstra (2006) also argues that women with children are more likely to quit their job or forgo their desires for career as a result of childbearing. At most time, workplace provides a great environment for social interactions and development of friendships. Thus, housewives with children are less socially integrated and have smaller social networks compared to childless women in working environments (Dykstra, 2006). Relationships of employment and childlessness are not seen among male populations. To be more specific, social integrations among men are not significantly affected by parental status (Dykstra, 2006).
From a different point of view, childlessness provides more personal space that adults with children do not have. This happens particularly among women without children (Dykstra, 2006). For example, childless women are more likely to be employed, to meet new friends and develop intimate relationships, and to enjoy leisure activities. In addition, women without children have more spare time and desire to participate in community services and invest in charity (Dykstra, 2006). Based on the study conducted by Goldberg, Kantrwo, Kremen and Lauter (1986), older childless female respondents who aged over 80 report having contacts with relatives and friends on a regular basis. They also identify that, in urban areas where population density is high, older childless women often receive supports from their neighbors when traditional supports from children are missing, contributing to more social contacts and larger networks among this group of women (Goldberg et al., 1986). Accordingly, women without children are less associated with social isolation and neglect. However, involuntary childless can lead to lower life satisfaction and poorer integration in the...

Find Another Essay On Childlessness among the Elderly: Effects of Social Ties

Issues of the Elderly Essay

1765 words - 7 pages births. The decline in the fertility rate is the major cause of population gaining in the United States today.Patterns within the elderly population related to wealth are consistently less poor than the general population overall. Most elderly are more poor than wealthy because they perhaps did not save, have spent what they had, and are now living on social security while paying high priced doctor bills and prescription pills. Elderly population

The Effects of Social Class Essay

2195 words - 9 pages The Effects of Social Class Social class in a society is a concept in the areas of social sciences and political theories. Social class means “socio-economic class” it is based on the social, economic and educational status of individuals being grouped in the same level. It mainly varies of the economic status of the family because the other aspects in life depend on that one material object. This means we have made monetary value an important

The Social Effects of Television

856 words - 3 pages The Social Effects of Television The social effects of television are numerous and definitely vary in positive and negative ways. Since television was first introduced it’s been a very large part of America’s society. Television started as a form of entertainment that would be watched by the family for an hour a night as a relaxing way of getting away from the stresses of real life. Television has now turned into one of the biggest

The Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Among Children with Asthma

2135 words - 9 pages This paper will discuss the effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) or known as Second Hand Smoke (SHM) among children. In addition, it will focuses on the how ETS becomes a problem for Children in American household as well as in other well developed nations. It will describe the effects that has among children living in contaminated environment by Second Hand Smoke. One of the health effects can be Asthma, which is provoked by their

Do Elderly People See the Gorilla? Effects of Aging on Inattentional Blindness

2044 words - 8 pages Schmiedek and Ulman Lindenberger’s 2006 research on the effects of multiple tasks on attention. They tested the idea that the act of merely standing while performing verbal-based cognitive tasks could tax an elderly person’s ability to stay focused (Huxhold, Li, Schmiedek, & Lindenberger, 2006). To gain a base-line of data, all subjects first performed these cognitive tasks while in a sitting position. In all aspects of the experiment, younger

The Existence of Crime Culture Among Certain Social Groups

3554 words - 14 pages succeeding in the future. The anti social structure of cities also affects the why a boy and or girl joins a gang. The formation of gangs in cities, and most recently in suburbs, is assisted by the same lack of community among parents. While almost half of high seniors used marijuana at least once, thirty-seven percent said they had used it in the past year, and twenty-three percent said they had used it in the previous month. Strain Theory

The Unravelling Knots of Family Ties

1545 words - 6 pages relationship. Lispector, therefore, by using diverse techniques, indicates that the negative perspective of an individual alone can deteriorate a family relationship. Through point of view, diction, contrast, repetition, and motifs in “Family Ties,” Lispector asserts that the transition of an artificial bond among generations initiates an unsuccessful family relationship. In “Family Ties” which is about various relationships involved in a family

Ties of the Renaissance and Reformation

1445 words - 6 pages . Machiavelli wrote “The Prince” which told how to get and hold political power. Castiglione wrote the “Book of Courtiers” which describes the perfect Renaissance noble. In Renaissance society marriages were arranged to strengthen political ties. The woman’s family paid the dowry and the men controlled the business and family. Children were only adults when their father went to the court and freed them. Renaissance education, they believed would

Health care and Medical Needs of the Elderly/Article Summaries on Positive and Negative Effects of Aging

586 words - 2 pages infants, walk on our two feet throughout the “prime” of our lives, and when we become old we depend on a cane. As we age we find that we change, both in positive and negative ways, and even of we fail to recognize this fact, the society that we live in does not fail in bring this fact to out attention.An article that seemed to be widespread publication just a couple of weeks ago was an article about the sex lives of the elderly. The

The Negative Effects of Social Media

2810 words - 11 pages even gotten so far as to alternate one’s appearance. “According to the AAFPRS, 2013 saw an increase in plastic surgery inquiries among younger people, 13% of whom cited their appearance on social media platforms as reasons for the desired change (Medine, 2014, para. 2).” Self-image, self-worth, self-esteem is being determined by the amount of likes a post can receive or the volume of re-tweets one can generate. It is superficial, it is

The Effects of Social Media on Students

997 words - 4 pages Asli Doymaz3/20/14P. 4The Effects of Social Media on StudentsIt is amazing how the Internet is changing people's lives. People are able to quickly do research and gather data on the web, navigate through websites, and most people are able to find anything on the Internet in a matter of seconds thanks to search engines like Google. The Internet has provided our world with a different means of communication and is accessible to anyone at any time

Similar Essays

Childlessness Among The Elderly: Effects Of Social Ties

2399 words - 10 pages or children in-law correlates with a better understanding and experiences of security, immortality, success, companionship, and affection among the elderly parents compared to older persons without children. Childless elders are often found to have limited social networks and passive engagement in social activities (Zhang & Hayward, 2001). However, effects of childlessness among older population are inconsistent. This paper provides an in depth

Medication Adherence Among The Elderly Essay

899 words - 4 pages Driven by rising costs of healthcare and public welfare programs, insurance executives and public policy makers have found ways to impose limits on spending in health and social services through enrollment and eligibility requirements. Health care institutions and local government health and social service agencies must operate within these financial limits and to do so, they hire case managers to assess the needs of clients or patients, develop

Internet Use And Social Capital: The Strength Of Virtual Ties

2412 words - 10 pages engagement. ‘[N]etworks and the associated norms of reciprocity have value’. (Putnam: 2001: 1) He believed the main cause in the decline of social capital is the ‘long-term decrease in participation in voluntary associations’. (Ellison: 2006: 8) Resources accrue because of trust at a community level. He relates to the networks individuals make through bonding and bridging ties. His idea was centralised on the notion that social capital should be a set

Perceptions Of Death Among Elderly Patients

1834 words - 7 pages patients (Fry, 1990). What Fry (1990) discovered is that there are some common themes about death and dying among the elderly population. The most prevalent fears were those concerning pain and suffering, personal safety, self-esteem issues, and the uncertainty of an afterlife (Fry, 1990). Fry (1990) also concluded that there are similarities among coping mechanisms. The most frequent mechanisms used among study participants were prayer, family photos