Children with obesity or overweight are growing in the United States at a higher rate. In the United states 1 out of 3 kids are come under obesity or overweight. Overweight children have a risk to be obese in their adolescents and adulthood age (Mary, 2012). Obesity place children at risk of many health related problems and developing chronic diseases. The prevalence of childhood obesity has been increased to 30% in the past 30 years. It has been increased to an alarming rate .The percentage of obese children from 6 to 11 year of ages has been increased to 7% and teens ages 12 to 19 years of age increased to 55 to 18% over 20 years since 1980 to 2008.Obesity rate doubled among children and tripled among teens. It has become a serious epidemic health problem, estimated to be the fifth leading cause of mortality at global level (Central for Disease Control, 2012).
Eating healthy diet prevents obesity, maintain healthy weight and also prevent from obesity related disease in children. A poor diet can lead to energy imbalance (e.g., eating more calories than one expends through physical activity) and can increase one’s risk for overweight and obesity (Central for Disease Control, 2012). There are many factors which are highly responsible for overweight and obesity are mentioned below:
Greater access to unhealthy food increase obesity in children such as
• Soft drink
• Fast food
• Increased portion size
• Prepackaged food
Food is one of the major cause of obesity from which we can get quick and easy food from fat-laden fast food to prepackage meals. For saving our time we also used microwave cook food which can cause obesity. Children are especially attracted from fast food advertisement which motivates them towards the unhealthy food choices.
Lack of physical exercise also affects the children health in many ways
• Decreased physical activity at home and at school. Children who are obese or overweight perform fewer activities which may impact their grades and relationship with people at home.
• Advance in technology, labor saving device, and television have a negative influence on children with obesity. According to Morgan (2013), “researchers have tended to focused on environmental factors that affect energy intake and expenditure. When energy intake is greater than energy expenditure, children gain weight. More time spent watching television or computer screens are believed to result in less time spent in physical activity, which would decrease energy expenditure (P. 1)”.
Obesity in children also associated with genetics and heredity. According to Mary (2012), genes help determines body type of person and it also defines how person’s body stores and burns the fat. Both of genes and habits of a person transits from generation to generation, and many members of the family can be affected by obesity and overweight. Children who born in families who have unhealthy eating and living habits are tend to be obese...