Children Of Divorce Group Therapy Essay

3775 words - 15 pages

Children-of-DivorceGroup TherapyBounce-Back ProgramCONTENTS1BACKGROUND22THE PROBLEM23THE RATIONAL OF GROUP THERAPY34THE BAOUNCE-BACK PROGRAM34.1GOALS OF THE BOUNCE-BACK PROGRAM44.2BENEFITS OF THE BOUNCE-BACK PROGRAM45SCREENING AND SELECTING GROUP MEMBERS (FRONT)45.1INCLUSION CRITERIA45.2EXCLUSION CRITERIA56GROUP PROCEDURES AND GUIDELINES (FRONT)57CLINICAL METHODOLOGY AND APPLICATION (CORE)68THERAPY SESSIONS (CORE)78.1SESSION ONE78.2SESSION TWO88.3SESSION THREE88.4SESSION FOUR98.5SESSION FIVE98.6SESSION SIX98.7SESSION SEVEN108.8SESSION EIGHT109EVALUATION AND FOLLOW UP1010CONCLUSION1111REFERENCES121BACKGROUNDDivorce in the United States has escalated at an alarming rate over the past 30 years. It is estimated that one out of every two marriages will end up in divorce (Christensen & Brooks, 2001). The decision to separate or divorce is the beginning of a difficult transition involving negative emotions and disruptions of family routines and even disruption of the structure itself (Becker & Whiteside, 2000).Yauman (1991) states that more than one million children experience the divorce of their parents every year. These children may continue to experience adjustment problems related to the divorce for as many as 10 years after the divorce. Wallerstein and Blakeslee (1989) put emphasis on the fact that the divorce experience is different for children because they are still developing. Booth and Amato (2001) reveal evidence suggesting that parents' marital conflict and divorce have adverse effects on children that often persist into young adulthood. The children may face a number of personal and social problems including being lonely, feeling responsible for the divorce, experiencing divided loyalties, not knowing how to deal with parental conflicts, and facing the loss of family stability (Corey & Corey, 2002).In this paper I will focus on group therapy for children ages nine to twelve. As Wallerstein and Kelly (1980) state, children from the ages of nine to twelve have the capacity to understand a much more complex reality than that of younger children. These children actively struggle to deal with conflicting feelings and try to make order of their current situation. Intense anger sets this group apart from the younger children. In addition, these children may be plagued by a feeling of complete powerlessness and may also experience identity confusion.2THE PROBLEMAccording to Gullotta (1981), research has proven that children of divorce experience more psychological distress than do their counterparts from intact families. Studies show that children of divorce are more likely to be delinquent, depressed, substance abusers, sexually active, or have more educational problems than children from intact homes.Pfeffer (1981) states that one effect of divorce is facing a permanent, a total, or a partial separation from at least one parent. Therefore, a period likened to grief for the child may follow. These stages of grief include shock and...

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