Myanmar has suffered under the military junta rule for most of its independent political existence. Despite growing local pressure and international criticism of the military government in Myanmar, the military junta remains in control by denying all basic freedoms including the media, public protest and civil society. The poor governance in Myanmar has brought about poverty, poor health care, low educational standards and systematic human rights abuses. The reason this essay only focus on children’s right violation is because the researcher look children as the most vulnerable members of society have been disproportionately affected by all these factors.
According to the regime, children are the ‘jewels’ of Burma, and are cared for, respected and well protected, physically and psychologically by every member of society. The large body of information collected in 2002 by NGOs, Interest groups and opposition groups disagree with these claims, and provide clear evidence that children in Myanmar cannot depend on the government. There are so many violations that can be seen done by the government towards the child in Myanmar but I decided to focus more on:
i. The Status of Health
Children are disproportionately affected by the regime’s lack of support for health care. The World Health Organization (WHO) found Myanmar’s health care system to be extremely poor due to the government expenditures on health in 2002 equal to only 2.2% of GDP. The SPDC spends the majority of state funds on increasing the size and strength of the military, not protecting the health of future generations. The regime’s failure to invest in children has had direct and visible consequences.
Despite claims by the SPDC that, ‘the health situation in Myanmar has improved dramatically’, there is great deal of information available which refutes this. But if based the data recorded by UNICEF, child mortality figures state that 130 deaths per 1000 children occurred in 2002. This reveals that only minimal improvement from the 1997 UN figures that reported a mortality rate of 131 deaths per 1000 children. These deaths result from a lack of basic medicines, knowledge, inadequate care and insufficient resources. Most deaths of children are caused by diseases that are preventable and treatable such as diarrhea diseases, tuberculosis or malaria. The result is a health care system with insufficient facilities, few health care workers, and inadequate health education programs.
Due to ongoing conflict, declining resources, minimal professional support and weakening learning conditions, children are denied access to quality education in Myanmar. Declining levels of government expenditure on education have caused standards of primary education to deteriorate, with corresponding rises in illiteracy and dropout rates. Throughout the country, most schools at all levels are overcrowded, lack basic amenities and educational resources. Textbooks, equipment...