Chile Essay

1191 words - 5 pages

Chile

The country of Chile is located in western South America. The conditions vary with the mountains, deserts, and beaches.

Climate

The climate is one condition that may vary within different regions. The country extends a long distance from north to south. There is a lack of rainfall to the north. there the air is able to hold much of the moisture.

Middle Chile has hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters. The temperatures aren't often
extreme. The warmest month, January, averages 63.7 degrees Ferenheit. The coolest months, June and July, Average 53.3 F.

More to the south the rain increases, and the length of the summerdry season shortens. Rainfall totals more than 200 inches per year in some places.

The land

Chile has the longest seacoast in the world. It stretches more than 2,600 miles from north to south. The country is about nine times longer than it is wide. It is only about 227 miles east to west at its widest point. Chile has a small piece of antarctica and some Pacific islands including Easter Island.

The total area of Chile is 292,258 square miles. About 70% of the land is mountainous because of the mountain chain , the Andes, that runs through it. The countries that border Chile are Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina.

The capital and largest city in Chile is Santiago, with a populatoin of 4,421,900 people. The highest elevation is Mount Ojos del Sabado. The lowest is at sea level.

Vegetation (Flora)

The vegetation also varies with region. In the far north along the coast there is seasonal desert plant life. In the desert interior there is almost no growth though. To the east a bit, on the Andean slopes, are scatterings of cacti and desert shrubs.

In central Chile the plant life varies with latitude and altitude. In the lowlands blackberry thickets and scrub vegetation are most common. Along the coast grow species of palm trees. The vegetation gets heavier toward the south.

The south was originally covered by tree growth, but much has been cleared. The remaining include myrtle, beeches, and a variety of evergreens.

If you would go south even more all deciduous trees become evergreens. These evergreens stretch from the islands to the tree line on the west Andean slopes. The forest thins toward the farthest south and becomes a grassy area for grazing sheep.

Wildlife (Fauna)

Wildlife is another group that will differ with region. In the north Andes exist guanaco, llama, alpaca, vicuna, Andean wolf, puma, and wildcat. The southernforests are homes for the Darwin fox, the pudu, which is a small deer, and several kinds of marsupials.

Some birds here include the dove, duck, and perdiz, which looks like a partridge. The giant condor, Chile's national bird, is sometimes seen in the Andes, while the vulture of Tierra del Fuego preys upon the sheep of the far southern region of Chile.

There aren't many freshwater fishes native to Chile, but lake trout, introduced from North...

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