Chile And Peru Tacna Arica And Us Involvement

1111 words - 4 pages

The war of the Pacific was ended by two different international agreements which changed the limits among the three countries involved (Map 1.) In October, 1883, Peruvian and Chilean representatives signed the Treaty of Ancon, by which Chile incorporated the Tarapaca province. On the other hand, the final treaty of peace and boundaries with Bolivia was signed in 1904, two decades later. By this treaty Bolivia ratified the Chilean sovereignty over the Atacama desert territory” (Antofagasta province) accepting its condition as a landlocked country.
Nevertheless, territorial problems between Peru and Chile were far from over and the seed for a new controversy was right in the Ancon Treaty. The United States -in spite of its problematic relation with Chile- would become an active participant in the search for a solution of the territorial problem between the South American countries.
a. The Treaty of Ancon and the New Difficulties between US and Chile
According to Sater, by the final days of the War of the Pacific, Chile was “weary of the bloody war” and accepted to control Tacna and Arica provinces for only ten years if Peru ceded Tarapaca. Peruvians agreed and the treaty was signed. In its article 3º the agreement established that after a decade, “the two nations would conduct a plebiscite to determine the status of the disputed lands.” However, by 1894 the plebiscite had not been held yet.
Skuban states that, in their claims for that situation, Peruvians argued that the phrase expirado este plazo should be understood as at the expiration of that term, so “the plebiscite should have been held precisely on March 28, 1894, the exact day on which the Peruvian Congress ratified the treaty in 1884.” Nevertheless, Chileans insisted on interpreting that phrase as after the expiration of that term, which means “any time after the ten years had passed.” At the same time, Chile argued the plebiscite was pending because of the “lack of the requisite protocol, which could only be drawn up through negotiations between the two nations.” Successively, Peru had rejected to sign a protocol.
In 1891, in the midst of the Tacna-Arica controversy, Chile had experienced a brief but costly civil war, which seriously affected its domestic order and weakened its international position. While Peru attempted to impose its viewpoints about the Tacna-Arica plebiscite, Argentina pressed Chile to gain new territorial benefits along their vast and disputed frontier. During the Chilean civil conflict, the US Ambassador –Patrick Egan- supported President José Manuel Balmaceda, who faced the rebel forces of the Chilean congress and the navy. Egan prevented the supplement of armaments bought by Chilean rebels in California, causing a “deep resentment against US” in the party which, eventually, would win the conflict.
In the end of the civil war, George Brown, an American Admiral, was accused for being a spy. Some time later, two American sailors of the USS Baltimore were...

Find Another Essay On Chile and Peru Tacna-Arica and US Involvement

Genocide in Argentina and in Chile

748 words - 3 pages Genocide in Argentina and in Chile The military attacks on the people of Chile began in September 1973, and the disappeared would become thousands of citizens who were murdered or kidnapped during the 16 year reign of the Pinochet ideology ending with president Aylwin. From 1973 to 1983, thousands of people would disappear overnight never to be seen again into the 500 concentration camps where they would be tortured and murdered in Argentina

Student Involvement and Academic Performance Essay

1508 words - 6 pages that. You cannot join and slack, you have to keep up with your grades. Our brothers and sisters are always ready and willing to help if they can. We are like a family. If we see one of us in a fight, we all fight. We have each other’s backs, that’s what we’re about………..you should consider joining. When group members are attached to their groups, they are motivated to behave in accordance with the wishes of the group and in ways which would make them

Service User Involvement and Participation

3026 words - 12 pages Service user involvement and participation has become a standard principle in guiding social care planning in order to improve in the developing and delivery of service to meet diverse and complex needs in a more effective way. Key pieces of legislation states plainly that service users through a partnership approach should be enabled to have voice on how the services they are using should be delivered (Letchfield, 2009). The Scottish Executive

Oil and Foreign Involvement in Arab Nations

1173 words - 5 pages The Middle East has been involved in many conflicts for most of its history. These conflicts have been in large part due to, natural resources and foreign involvement. The rich supply of oil in the Middle East has made it a region of interest for many non-Arab countries to support in order to ensure a steady flow of oil. As the importance for oil increased through the industrialization of the world, the need for it became magnified. This need

Research paper on the Nazca Plains in Peru and its relation to extraterrestrial activity.

1473 words - 6 pages War II until her death just a few years ago), and was instrumental in the early research. Ironically, no one knew what to make of the Astronaut figure, until she was an old woman, and Humans began to make their way out into space again. A local legend, there are memorials of her in Lima, Peru (she even has an airport named after her) ~ and the Peruvian government has begun to take serious financial (tourism), if not historical, interest in the

state and nation building in Arica

2724 words - 11 pages African countries are independent and sovereign; however, most of the African countries are going under stress. This is largely because most of the African states are not nation-states, where African leaders neglect nation-building and rather focus on state-building. They seek to provide human security and other needs necessary to build the state. However, by state-building, it is an act which is at the expense of others religious and ethnic

On Politics and Identity in Latin American Cinema In regards to the films of Peru, Brazil, Argentina, and Cuba

1345 words - 5 pages Latin American films often take us by surprise for their candid criticism of the state of their nations and its politics. In the States, we rarely attack contemporary problems that our nation is faced with, generally creating fictional premises or using historical events that have already been subjected to pubic condemnation. The recent memories of dramatic political upheaval and huge gaps in the welfare of the people in countries such as Brazil

Differential Effects of American Destabilization Policy in Chile in the 1970s and Cuba in the 1990s

3311 words - 13 pages economic players. For example, “US officials worked behind the scenes to assure” that the World Bank denied 21 million livestock improvement credit and future loans to Chile. The U.S. also blocked negotiations, and putting pressure against Chile in the Paris Club debt negotiations regarding the $1 billion debt that the Frei government had run up in U.S. banks. In sum, these policies were effective. In 1970, loans to Chile were cut from $46

Management, Partnership and User Involvement in Health and Social Care

4433 words - 18 pages competing organisations to collaborate through interdependence towards a purposeful solution to a given social problem. This leads us to consider the models of collaboration that engage agencies; service users in meaningful and direct dialogue and action that is seen as participatory and collaborative. The development of Primary Health Care programmes, is a clear example of good collaboration and indeed the consistent and informed involvement of service

Political Involvement. Australian history and politics and the voting system.

1021 words - 4 pages Political Involvement EssayOn January 1, 1901, the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. It was formed by six colonies each under the control of the British monarch. When they joined together and became a federation, the colonies, now called states, agreed to hand over some powers to a central government. Under the new agreements, Australia became a constitutional monarchy with three levels of government- federal, state and local. Each level

Education: US And Caribbean

7093 words - 28 pages and among the clients and the contributors, is hugely noteworthy. The community can have a significant impact on the financial aspect of the endeavor. For example, community political orientation may be a factor in policy making, community involvement, and endorsement. As well, the administration involved in the educational change is of consequential importance. Often, they have more power than most of the players within the educational

Similar Essays

Impact Of The Great Depression On Chile And Peru

1690 words - 7 pages inauguration speech at the onset of the Great Depression, while also describing the melancholy and hopelessness that many citizens felt. This sentiment, however, was not just confined to the United States—the impact of the Wall Street Crash of 1929 had also reverberated throughout Latin America, and very few countries escaped the ensuing economic depression unscathed, including the Latin American nations of Chile and Peru. However, while the Great

Treaty Between Bolivia And Chile Essay

1839 words - 7 pages access but this failed due to a joint clause with its new northern neighbor Peru, which required their unanimous vote on the matter. the role played by Peru was an important deterrent factor is, Peru constituted an obstacle (albeit a desired obstacle) for Chile to grant territory back to Bolivia. "The territories of Tacna and Arica will be divided in two parts, Tacna for Peru and Arica for Chile. The Governments of Chile and Peru will not be

Causes And Us Involvement In World War I

2145 words - 9 pages became involved. France, Britain, and Russia, known as the Allies, backed Serbia. The only country that backed Austria- Hungary was Germany, and together they formed the Central Powers. The United States chose neither side, and instead chose neutrality. The people of America accepted neutrality, because they resisted involvement in the problems of other countries. President Woodrow Wilson had many strong feelings about the war. He once said

Haiti Earthquake And Chile Earthquake In 2010

2162 words - 9 pages earthquakes, which are Haiti Earthquake and Chile Earthquake. Both of these two earthquakes produced the various impact considerably across countries and regions. The purpose of this essay is to analyse those two earthquakes according to knowledge such as why they occur, how strong they are, and what the impact they made. Even though people still can not predict earthquake, through analyse earthquakes, they can prevent it bring huge losses. 2