Chilean And Nicaraguan Revolution: The Failure To Consolidate Power

2269 words - 9 pages

Revolution – a radical change or replacement of a governmental establishment, political system, or society created by the people who are governed. In the República de Chile (Republic of Chile) and República de Nicaragua (Republic of Nicaragua), a revolution was supposed to bring a new and fresh outlook onto the country unfortunately, with every plan there are obstacles. In spite of the sizeable differences, the revolutions that occurred in Chile and Nicaragua share common traits of failure to consolidate themselves with their power and rebellion. In Chile, the journey to socialism drew its motivation from the oppressed and for Nicaragua; the incapability to centralize power came from an authoritarian point of view. Despite Chile and Nicaragua’s common traits on handling a revolution, they bring their own favors to the table.
Before the 1960s, four thousand six hundred nine miles southeast of Texas, Chile was known as a stable country compared other Latin American countries until 1962, when the Cold War took effect on this enormous country and Chile became a part of the Alliance for Progress. The Alliance for Progress was created to keep socialistic revolutions out of Latin American countries. In the 1960s, the president of Chile, Eduardo Frei was endorsed by the Johnson administration. Frei was required to pass a radical reform but with Chile becoming more industrialized, Labor Unions requested for higher and reasonable wages. In the end, the Labor Unions were not pleased with the wages that they were receiving which, lead to inflation and higher prices for man made items and labor. With an economic change occurring, the Chilean youth adopted a Leftist view and began to protest against the government with the labor unions. Both labor unions and the Chilean youth began to lean towards Chile’s Communist Party.
In 1970, Salvador Allende Gossens, a socialist party member won the presidential elections and with his victory, Allende promised his fellow citizens that he would reform the working class equally and effectively. In the United States, Nixon was in power and Nixon told his main advisor, Henry Kissinger that he wanted Allende out of power. Kissinger thought of only one way to get Allende out of power and it was to begin with the uprise of the Chilean military. Kissinger sent a cable to the CIA agents in Chile stating that the agents were to continue with their work on investigating the military coup. However, the twist was that the CIA agents was not necessary in Chile and three years later, the people of Chile are revolting against their leader. Allende nationalized copper and other industries, which froze prices and raised wages to try to stop the inflation but unfortunately, that only raised inflation more. With Allende’s reform in play, the CIA ran propaganda against Allende.
During 1973, Chilean Congress and Judiciary took a stand against Allende and it was claimed that Allende’s governmental rule broke the Chilean constitution....

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