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China Cancer Villages: Annotated Bibliographies Essay

2317 words - 10 pages

Cao, Jie, et al. "Association Between Long-Term Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution and Mortality in China: A Cohort Study." Journal of Hazardous Materials 186.2/3 (2011): 1594-1600. Academic Search Complete. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. Cao states that China’s air pollution is causing an increase in mortality, rates of hospital admissions, exacerbation of chronic respiratory conditions, and decreased lung function. A test was conducted comparing long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and mortality in a countrywide representative cohort in China. A Random Clustering design picked 158,666 adults from China to participate in this study. There are no adequate monitoring stations in the rural areas of China; hence researchers limited their analysis to participants living in the urban areas. This left 70,947 subjects residing in 31 cities of 16 provinces. A medical history background was recorded for each subject to estimate their prior risk factor. Between 1999 and 2000 researchers were conducting in-depth interviews to obtain information on the history of disease, hospitalizations, and death. If a death had occurs a death certificate was obtained from the police along with all medical records. A total of 8319 subjects died during the follow up, among which 3013 died from cardiovascular disease, 921 from respiratory disease and 624 from lung cancer. “From 1991 to 2000, the annual concentrations declined 5% for TSP and 35% for SO2, but increased 28% for NOx, suggesting that air pollution pattern in Chinese cities had gradually changed from the conventional coal combustion type to the mixed coal combustion/motor vehicle emission type in the 1990s.” I will use Cao’s results as statistical prof that China’s air pollution is increasing the morality of the Chinese population.
Jing, Wang, et al. "Inhalation Cancer Risk Associated With Exposure to Complex Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures in an Electronic Waste and Urban Area in South China." Environmental Science & Technology 46.17 (2012): 9745-52. Academic Search Complete. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. Atmospheric particulate matter samples were collected from May 2010 to April 2011 in a rural e-waste area and in Guangzhou, South China. Samples are collected to assess the lifetime inhalation cancer risk from exposure to parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, high molecular weight PAHs, and halogenated PAHs. The samples showed that the e-waste and urban areas had different levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, high molecular weight PAHs, and halogenated PAHs. Benzo fluoranthene, benzo pyrene, dibenz anthracene, and dibenzo pyrene were found in the air and are the highest contributors to the cause of cancer. “MW 302 PAHs accounted for 18.0% of the total cancer risk in the e-waste area and 13.6% in the urban area, while HPAHs made a minor contribution (<0.1%) in both the areas.” Due to pollution exposure the number of lifetime excess lung cancers due to exposure to the pollutants ranged from 9.3 to 737 per...

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