China Policy Essay

784 words - 3 pages

China is a socialist state. According to the state constitution of 1982, 'State is to guide the country's economic development. The state council is to direct its subordinate bodies in drawing up and carrying out the national economic plan and the state budget.' These are the development ideology and principle in China.In fact from the very beginning, China used the input substitution policy as the economic development ideology. That means the government planned to use a larger proportion of labor force in agriculture production. And used the high intensive modes of production. To make sure there would produce enough food and everyone could have a job. In the industry the government planned to use the high- capital investment production technique. Therefore, this could catch up the modernization in the world level.In the economic growth strategy the government aimed to maximize the investment and consumption of import level at the attainable minimum. Furthermore, need to maximize the number of workers among the migrants even women also should work. Lastly also required the rural areas could be self- sufficient.Generally, the development ideology of China under the rule of Chinese Community party (CCP) can divide into three phases. First of all was from 1950s onwards. That was the Mao's ruling period. Mao borrowed Stalinist social and economic principle in promoting development in China. We all know that modern China is a socialist state. State is playing an important role in every aspect, especially on the economic and political planning. So that in the Mao's ruling period state was an important ruling engine.From 1949 to 1957 Mao had introduced his first five years plan in China. This programme was quiet success. The main objective of the five years plan was a high rate of economic growth and development of the heavy industry in China. At that period the administration model still adopted the Soviet economic model. Therefore, most of the industry and entrepreneurs were owned by the state. For example, in 1956 nearly 68% of modern industrial enterprises were state owned. Quantity and the types of production were all decided by the state. In the five years plan it aimed to develop the heavy industry. Most of the capital goods, equipment and industry facilities were purchased from Soviet Union. At that period China was still maintaining a good relationship with Soviet Union. In...

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