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China's One Child Policy Essay

974 words - 4 pages

The one child policy was adopted to help improve economic, environment, and population problems in China. The policy was used to limits the number of children that couples can have. When , the law was introduced it was only supposed to help with the overpopulation but , it has caused many children to be left and abandoned. Although China has a population problem, the one child policy was not the right way to handle the situation.
There has been a long history of China’s one child policy, since it was first introduces in 1979 by a Chinese Leader Deng Xiaoping (Rosenberg n.p). The law was meant to be temporary and used to control the population; however it is still in use today (Rosenberg n.p). When the policy was first enforced, it only allowed one child per family , but it was recently changed to allow couples to have two children but only if either one of the parents is an only child (William n.p). If ,someone were to break the policy their punishment would result in fines. Forced abortions, abandonment, and infanticide are some of the things people are doing so that they do not have to pay these fines.
There are many exceptions to this policy. For example a couple can have a second child if the first one is born with defects (Rosenberg n.p.) Also if a family’s first child is a girl in a rural area they are allowed to apply for a second one. If they are allowed to have a second child they must first wait three to four years their first birth. However, the exception does not apply in some ethnic groups (Rosenberg n.p.) The one child policy applies to every person in China except some of the Government officials (one-child policy n. p). Wealthy people can get away with not having to pay fines when they break the policy because they have the money to pay the fines or they choose to go overseas to have another child (Grant 1). Multiple births also don’t apply to the one child policy. Because of this many couples take fertility medications to increase their chances of having twins or multiple births (Wall n.p).
Many people think that China’s one child policy is an effective way to help with China’s overpopulation problems. Some argue that the policy is beneficial to sustain the economy, society, population, resources and the environment. About four hundred million births have been prevented with the policy helping with the population problem (Wan n.p). Pollution and a lack of resources are some of the reason that people think the one child policy is necessary. Another reason that people think the policy is necessary is if the population continues to grow it would be harder for people to find food, causing people to starve. People see the policy as a good thing because it is...

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