China's One Child Policy Essay

1109 words - 4 pages

In 1979, China's one child policy was established by Deng Xiaoping, who was a Chinese leader at that time. Since China has been faced with population explosion issues, China's one child policy is to limit China's population growth. Basically, this policy limits couples to having only one child, and imposes people who have more than two children to pay a fine. This policy is really controversial due to several reasons. First, there has never been any other case of the government controlling its population in social history. Thus, we hardly can predict what will actually happen after applying the policy. Second, the issue of population explosion is not only a problem in China but also the issue of all the people in the world. Will every government in the world eventually have to control their population numbers? This is not the question for the far future, but for the quite near future. Now, it has been about 25 years since China's one child policy has been applied (and it's still enforcing people not to have more than one child.) There are various results of the policy, such as sexual discrimination and aging issues.According to Therese Hesketh, Li Lu, and Zhu Wei Xing (2005), the sex ratio has been unusually shifted in China since china's one child policy has been applied. Male birth rates have been by far larger than female's even though sex-selective abortion is illegal in China. As many different cultures do tend to favor male children as well, especially in the rural area of China, male child is essential manpower for their household. For example, only male child can inherit properties from parents, and male child can work, such as cultivating. (Vanessa L Fong, 2002) There's an exception to China's one child policy--- in rural areas, couples are allowed to have a second child if their first child is female. So, they usually expect to have a male baby as a second child. Then, if their second child is female too, she is seldomly registered with the government because her parents don't want to inform.I don't believe that government should impose those family decisions such as how many children one household can have; it is a primordial human's right. China's one child policy is really a macro societal policy; seeing the abstract result of this policy, it seems to be succeeded because the number of children in China actually has been decreased. However, many people are suffering from its sub effect. As a result, China's one child policy causes sexual discrimination due to male chauvinism in Chinese culture. Although it goes without saying, people can't choose their child's gender. It is beyond our right and nobody complains about it because it is natural thing. This sexual discrimination in China is not about a gender role issue, but about a social problem because in Chinese society, each male and female has their own functions, and men can't do women's job, and women can't do men's job either.Likewise, the number of unreported children is...

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