China's One Child Policy Essay

2517 words - 10 pages

ENG 102 PersuasionTHE WORLD'S MOST SEVERE FAMILY PROGRAMMEorTHE HIGH PRICE OF A LOWER POPULATIONWhen we think about China the things that click in our heads are most probably the great blend of history, culture, and modernity, as well as the gleaming sky scrapers, thousands of factories and their recent economic boom. Along with that, a really memorable thing is that today, China's population is 1,343,239,923 (according to CIA World Factbook), making it the largest of any country in the world. The size of china's population is both the country's greatest weakness and strength. China is one of the few contemporary countries whose National Government implemented an antinatalist policy. The so-called ''One-Child policy'' is brutally simple: have one child or face the consequences.The policy's background is deeply enrooted in the Chinese history and their family values. Before 1949, when the Communist party came to power after a revolution ,China was at stage 1 of the demographic transition , having really high birth rates (between 5 and 8 children per family), but meanwhile having high death rates and short life expectancies.In order to strengthen China's position in the world, transform it into nation-state of significance and increase productivity, the leader Mao Zedong saw a large and healthy population as a prerequisite, therefore the entire country followed a pro-natalist policy in which large families and more children were strongly encouraged. Nevertheless, as a consequence of the Great Leap Forward - a program that was initially designed to push China into industrialization had the opposite effect. Abnormal droughts and floods reduced food production, causing the deaths of many people.Yet, due to improvements made in the medical services, China's population continued growing. Demographers predicted that the population would reach up to 1.5 billion by the year 2000, resulting in a strain in resources. Terrified of hurting the economic gain that came over the last few decades, politicians' thought about pushing family planning measures. Still, Mao o was against this, saying that '' Population control is a means of killing off the Chinese people without shedding blood'' and he treated brutally all those who dared to question him and believed that China should control its population. In this new age of modernization, China's numbers increased by a colossal 71% to 940 million, with no sign of letting up. (Codrington 15). When Mao left power in 1976, the population was rapidly nearing one billion.In 1979, the new leader of China Deng Xiaoping established one of the most simplistic and dramatic attempts to regain control on china's population, in the form of the so called ''One-Child Policy. Taking what seemed to be like a straight -forward approach to the population problem, the official statement said: ''Women who give birth to one child will be praised; women who give birth to three or more will suffer sanctions. ''. This was met with mixed...

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