This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

China’s Rising Inequality Essay

2953 words - 12 pages

“While there is significant variation across regions, within the cities and within the rural areas, the most significant inequality is between the urban and the rural” (Saich, 2011:316).
Introduction - Inequality in China
China, like anywhere else in the world, is not immune to the problems of inequality. Even though China has seen great economic growth over the past 20 years, the level of inequality has risen. The hukou system can be seen as a factor in creating inequality between citizens in China. This essay will look at the different types of inequalities that are faced by the Chinese people. There are many different types of inequalities in China, such as income, gender, ethnic, education and welfare inequalities, however this essay will look at the hukou, income and gender inequality that the Chinese people have to deal with in their everyday lives, as well as looking at what the Chinese people think about the rise in inequality.

The Hukou
The Chinese Hukou system, which limits people to work and live where they have been born and officially registered, can account for being responsible for a range of inequalities that are faced by the Chinese citizens, such as income, employment, education, and welfare and health. The Hukou seems to help these inequalities widen, as it treats those with a rural hukou as second class citizens. Afridi, Li, and Ren find in their 2012 Discussion Paper that the individual status that is linked with the Hukou that citizen possesses has a significant impact on their social identity. The rural-urban divide that is seen “in China is administratively created to control spatial labor mobility and reinforced through merely decades of differential treatment of rural-urban residents” (Afridi, et al, 2012: 2). Additionally, the urban Hukou comes with many benefits and entitlements that are not present with the rural Hukou, such as, “...Subsidized food and urban employment, which usually includes subsidised housing, healthcare, pension, and other benefits. In addition, an urban hukou entitles its holders to the subsidised education system, welfare programs, and community cultural activities. Rural residents have no such entitlements” (Liu, 2004: 136). “...migrant workers get low wages, work longer hours, live in inferior conditions, receive little social welfare support, and are often subject to discrimination and unjust treatment” (Jiang, 2009:16).
Although, the Hukou system has become more flexible now, people can move freely, they still face great inequalities. There seems to be a clash of opinion about the hukou system from those that hold the urban hukou and those that hold the rural hukou who live in the cities. “[A] Shanghai native...[has] been protesting online against proposed legislation that would allow migrant kids to stay in Shanghai and take their college entrance exams here. He says it would make life harder for his kids.” (PRI’s The World, 1st May 2013). A former city planner also hopes that the hukou...

Find Another Essay On China’s Rising Inequality

The Possibility of China and India Become a New Global Power

2396 words - 10 pages ‘On the basis of the actual and predicted development of China and India, critically discuss their chances to emerge as a new global power’ The simultaneous rising in China and India as a great power now aroused extensive attention. It has been regard as a fundamental change in geo-economics and geopolitics in the 21st century. Given the rising of international status and potential leading role of China and India in international affairs

Fall of Authoritarian Regimes Essay

1367 words - 6 pages system of political co-optation that have allowed both regimes to survive. I will argue this through first discussing the role of rising college graduates and economic crisis will play in the fall of the Chinese authoritarian regime, then discuss the role that Putin’s transition from power and a financial crisis will play in the fall of the Russian regime. All in the hopes of proving the inability of both regimes to maintain the current system of


1534 words - 7 pages down a strong foundation for the expansion of sociological and anthropological courses in China, as well as proposing social and developmental phenomena of China to the universal community. His most famous published work From the Soil: The Foundations of Chinese Society expresses all of his ideas and strategies to essentially get china back on track. Fei Xiaotong, was one of China’s first sociologists, and was writing during a time period where

The Rise of Consumption Equality by Andy Kessler

2731 words - 11 pages . Even though there are some biased thoughts within the article, it will be usefully in my paper. Although this article don't exactly change my thoughts on consumerism, it has deepened my current thoughts and knowled Ross Terrill wrote my seventh source, “China is Rising, but for how Long?” about China’s fast growing economy and the inevitable problems that are to come. Terrill starts the article out by saying that economist in the United States and

Modernization’s Effects on Gender Equality in China and India

1558 words - 6 pages abused. A patriarchal society blamed them for giving birth to girls, footbound them, and kept them confined, working in the house. As in India, patrilocal exogamy promoted women’s societal devaluation. Though the rising communists were not particularly concerned with women’s rights, they saw women’s repression as a hindrance to their ideology of universal work and contribution towards economic progress. Also, Maoists viewed traditional social

The Need for Development in the African Continent

1684 words - 7 pages Why Is There a Need for Development In Africa? Since the dawn of the colonial era, the African continent has experienced numerous hardships on the pathway to economic and human development. High levels of poverty, disease, and inequality coupled with low levels of human development, education, and infrastructure has long gripped the continent and has stifled growth efforts (Gorton). An example of this extreme poverty lies in the African

Chinese Society and Culture

1613 words - 7 pages was however compounded by the possibility of secession by the recognized ethnic minorities. The principle was based on the voluntary association and voluntary separation of all relevant minorities who constituted the Chinese republic. But shortly after rising to power, Mao Zedong resorted to popularize the notion of a united ethnic front as stated by Gladney (2004). Mao Zedong understood that the greatest impediment to the greatness of the

Millennium Development Goals

1880 words - 8 pages over 1 billion people continue to languish in poverty. Inequality measures also indicate a rising trend in many developing countries. Lack of education in many developing countries can be attributed to financial constraints that characterize these regions. Before the formulation of MDGs children in developing regions lacked access to basic education especially due to the fact that this very basic right had been denied to them by their

What the Future Stands Before Us with Urban Poverty

1964 words - 8 pages reconstructing their subsistence. An expanding social protection system may soften a variety of the negative impacts, but would not visualize the issue of rising social and economic inequality overall. In the end, with the traditional economic development model and a priority on big businesses, economic expansion would be immense, but would not be broad and would consequence in social stratification. (Asian Trends Monitoring. Rural-Urban

Overpopulation and The End of the World As We Know It

2186 words - 9 pages or labor regulations, so it was easy to earn profits. But now, oil exploration in those countries have become much tougher because they have started enforcing environmental regulations and nationalizing their resources (Toomey, 2012). During an interview with Diane Toomey of Yale Environment 360, Klare discussed China’s rising desire for resources and the growing possibility for military and political conflict as commodities become scarce. This is

The Power Shift

1431 words - 6 pages the post Mao era. Social stratification is a system by which society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. There are four fundamental principles of stratification: Social stratification is a characteristic of society, social stratification persists over generations, social stratification is universal but variable and social stratification involves both inequality and beliefs. Yi argument states “it is widely understood that a global power

Similar Essays

Lacking The Middle In A Middle Class Society

1778 words - 8 pages , contributing to a substantially high national debt. The majority of opinions on the middle class are positive ones; they contribute to economic growth, capital accumulation, household consumption, entertainment, technology, education, healthcare, and business (Banerjee 7-10). An overlooked but crucial issue concerning both China’s and the U.S’s middle classes is the widening gap in inequality and unequal distribution in income for it’s people

Firm Characteristics And Social Insurance Participation: Evidence From China

1483 words - 6 pages China’s remarkable economic growth has been accompanied by large and growing income inequality. The Gini coefficient reached 0.47 in 2013 according to official estimates (National Bureau of Statistics [NBS], 2014), approaching notoriously unequal countries such as Mexico and Brazil.1 A growing body of literature has examined possible predictors of employer social insurance participation in China. Using audit data as well as qualitative

Trade And Aid Essay

2142 words - 9 pages , China’s rising Economy has also raised the concerns of foreign policymakers as they consider how this increasing economy could affect other countries’ economies and the global world trade (Li). They also fear that the growing economy could also decrease exchange rates on other currencies. I think that this could lead to unrest in other countries to keep their exchange rates stable. As the Euro zone crisis worsened and as market growth in USA lowered

China Rise: A Race To The Top Or Bottom And The Impact On The World’s Players

2428 words - 10 pages growth not keeping up with labour productivity growth which is a resulting in a flat or diminishing real wages for most workers in addition to a rising inequality between the highest and lowest paid. Freeman (2005) reaffirms this by through his analysis of the incomes for Japan, the EU and the US, he theorized that wages are indeed flat and declining for a large percentage of the workforce, despite corporate profits increasing. Traditionally one of