China's Scientific Revolution Essay

918 words - 4 pages

The scientific revolution was most notable in the Tang and Song Dynasties which covered a span of three hundred years. Chinese scientist, doctors and mathematicians made great strides and important advances in math, science, medicine and astronomy. Some of the inventions that were made during this era are still represented in Chinese culture today.
Among some of the earliest scientific invention in these eras was the abacus, or what the Chinese called the shadow clock. This was the world’s first known calculator, and has remained one of China’s greatest inventions. In his article The Song Dynasty, Toni Zin explains, “The scientific development in the Song Dynasty ranked forefront in the ...view middle of the document...

Zin explains, “in medicine, the Taiping Holy Prescriptions was the first book on medicinal prescriptions compiled by the related departments in the Song court. This reflected that under economic stability, the government paid great attention to the common people's health; the development of medical care attested to the civilized degree of society in the Song Dynasty.” (Zin, pg 5). China has always been obsessed with health. In the Tang Dynasty, China developed acupuncture, a form of therapeutic medicine that was used on patients with high stress. It was often experimented on member of the Tang Dynasty military.
The Song Dynasty is also known for its development of printing. Before this era, books were produced by scribes, a form of ghost writer who took someone’s ideas and put them into writing. With the introduction of the first movable printing press, books were able to be published in half the time. It also allowed the Song Dynasty to print the first paper money. Zin explains that, “the earliest paper money called 'Jiao Zi' in the world appeared in the Northern Song period, which soon became the popular currency money of the time. This indicated the high development of the commerce especially in the capital Dongjing.” (Zin, pg 7). In addition to this, the development of silk and porcelain production was booming. Silk was used to create clothing and robes, and porcelain was used to create cookware, plates and bowls.
Silk was one of the biggest lines of production work in the Tang and Song Dynasties, but later in the Song Dynasty the introduction of cotton made it easier for merchants to make and sell clothing to the common man. Zin explains that, “the present Zhejiang Province and Sichuan Province were the two biggest...

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