Chinese Buddhist Art Essay

804 words - 4 pages

Although Siddhartha Gotama spread the religion of Buddhism in India, his teaching had a great impact on other countries. Buddhist first made their way to China via the silk route; this was a network of caravan tracts that linked China to the rest of central Asia to the Mediterranean region. Buddhist monks also made their way into China with Buddhist scriptures and Buddhist art in their possession. This is the first time that Buddhism made a substantial impact on the Chinese. Quickly many Chinese began to convert to the new religion that was brought into china. In fact, Buddhism would become a central aspect to culture of the Chinese. Buddhism had a great impact on the Chinese, philosophers, ...view middle of the document...

After the Siddhartha’s death, his followers began to teach and many forms of Buddhist emerged the Mahayana form would be the type of Buddhism to come to China via the Silk Road. The basic explanation of this sect of Buddhism is primarily focuses on liberating all individuals from suffering, and the goal of a person practicing this type of Buddhism is to develop compassion and wisdom to become a bodhisattvas. A bodhisattva is a person who has achieved enlightenment, but is dedicated to helping others achieve enlightenment. Two additional types of Buddhism were popular in China, and they are Chan and Pure Land Buddhism. Chan Buddhism focuses on one attaining a Buddha nature, and this is done by meditating and calming the mind. After this is done one can achieve enlightenment. Often in Zen Buddhism one achieves enlightenment suddenly, when one realizes that nothing is separate from their selves. An additional type of Buddhism practiced in China is Pure Land Buddhism. This type of Buddhism focuses on the idea that those who believe that the opportunity for enlightenment exists will have the opportunity after death to achieve enlightenment. (CITE WORLD RELIGIONS BOOK).
Buddhist art specifically statues of the Buddha have distinct iconography. Statues of the Buddha usually have body features that indicate his supreme nature these marks include a urna which is a curl...

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