Chinese Civil War Essay

2460 words - 10 pages

China has a very long history; however, there is one event that has entirely changed China: the victory of the Chinese Communist Party in the Chinese Civil War in 1949. During the Civil War, the Chinese Communist Party, led by Mao Zedong, and the Kuomintang, led by Chiang Kai-Shek, were vying for the power to lead the whole of China. At first, the Kuomintang had the advantage. Although they had just fought very hard during the war between Japan and China, they had the support of the United States. However, in the end, the Communists won. Even though, the Kuomintang had advantages on many things, the Communists fought with more heart and determination.It might be fortuitous by winning one or two battles, but the ending of the whole war was not providential. There must be something that the Communists could do, but the Kuomintang could not.First of all, China's war with Japan started the whole event. There is one fact that people need to know - China never really beat Japan during the war from 1937-1945. Rather, the Japanese were weakened by their conflict with the United States that began after they attacked Pearl Harbor. This bombing triggered the United States to join the war. China received a significant amount of economic and military support from the United States, which helped China destroy the Japanese soldiers. At the same time, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, which resulted in the Japanese surrender to China as well. If the United States had not become involved and taken military action against Japan in this war, it might have continued for an indefinite period of time.[1: Yubin Zhang, How did China beat Japan (Nanjing: Nanjing University Press, 2006), 209.]The two Chinese political parties started fighting after the war against Japan ended. At that point in time, Kuomintang was very powerful due to their American backers, and many of their leaders had high educations. After the Communist Party had been attacked by the Kuomintang five times, they only had tens of thousands of soldiers left and even those were almost cornered. Normally, it would be extremely hard for them to rise up again. However, it was surprising to see the turn of events. Not only did the Communist Party continue to exist, but it also kept developing, eventually driving the Kuomintang out of the mainland. [2: Lv Honglai,. "Chinese History," Old Kids. 9 (2011): 464-87.]There are many reasons why the Communists were able to gain strength, even while at a military disadvantage. For example, when Chiang Kai-Shek was the leader of the country, he had a lot of things to deal with, and the fight with the Communists was only one of them. In contrast, the Communists were fully committed to driving out the Kuomintang. The Kuomintang overestimated their strength after the war between Japan and China. Indeed, the Kuomintang had very strong manpower and material resources; they had the support from the U.S. in addition to leftover equipment by the Japanese...

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