Chinese Immigration In The Western United States: The First 100 Years

2542 words - 10 pages

Chinese Immigration in the Western United States: The First 100 Years
Chinese Americans played a significant role in the development of the United States. Though they were key in helping build the infrastructure of the Western U.S. , Chinese Americans were subjected to discriminatory laws, social ostracism, and violence. Despite continued hardships, mistreatment and having their hard work overlooked, the Chinese have persevered and continue to make great contributions in all facets of American life.
It is debated on when the first Chinese immigrants arrived in the U.S. , but it is agreed that the majority of Chinese immigrants began to arrive here after the 1948 California Gold Rush. Around that time, China had just been in heated battle with Great Britain during the first Opium War. This conflict was over trade relations between China's Qing Dynasty and the British Empire and lasted from 1839­1842. The Chinese government tried several times to prohibit the trade in opium, but the British knew how lucrative the trade was and were against China's ban. The conflict was won by the British and ended with treaties in 1842 and 1843. These treaties saw the defeated Chinese paying a twenty one million dollar "restitution" to the British, the seizure of five ports for British trade and residence, and the right of British citizens in China to be tried in British courts. Hong Kong came under British rule after these treaties. The conflict ruined China's already weakened economy, continued to fuel widespread opium addiction, and lead to several peasant revolts. The largest of these revolts wound up spiraling out of control and developing into the Taiping Rebellion. The Taiping Rebellion turned into a civil war that lasted from 1850 to 1871. Many citizens blamed the Manchus (Qing Dynasty) for allowing China to be taken over by foreign powers. This war claimed over twenty million lives. The terrible decline in the quality of life for the Chinese during these times heavily contributed to the increased immigration to the U.S.
By 1851, roughly 25,000 Chinese were living and working in California. These initial immigrants were mostly from the Pearl River Delta of the Guangdong Province in southeastern China. The news of the gold rush did not only attract hopeful prospectors. Many of the post­gold rush immigrants were skilled craftsmen, artists, merchants, fishermen, hotel and restaurant owners, and students. This first wave of immigrants were widely accepted by the Americans for their wealth, hard work, dependability, and entrepreneurial spirit. However, his did not mean that Americans saw the Chinese as equals.

Despite their initial acceptance, as their numbers grew, they were made to live in Chinatowns, segregated from the general populous. Chinese Americans were prohibited from working for federal, state, and local governments, and from educating their children in public schools. Chinese who sought to make their fortune by searching for gold were...

Find Another Essay On Chinese Immigration in the Western United States: The First 100 Years

Immigration in the United States Essay

1104 words - 4 pages of immigrants, immigration contributed to half of this population growth. These immigrants, consisting of mostly Asian and Hispanic backgrounds, have drastically changed the composition of the U.S. population. In 2010, Asians and Hispanics made up 20 percent of the U.S. population, in contrast to a 6 percent share of Asians and Hispanics in 1970. It is predicted that by 2050, the share of immigrants in the United States will increase to one half

Chinese Immigrants in the United States

1839 words - 7 pages States subjects.     The number of Chinese inhabitants in United States conceived youngsters with foreigner folks have stretched quickly lately from two points three million in 2003 to four million in 2008. Since these figures do not incorporate kids who are eighteen years of age or more established or the individuals who are wedded, the genuine figure is larger (Tony, 2010).     The two citizenship profits that have drawn the most consideration

History of Immigration in the United States

1958 words - 8 pages Throughout the history of the United States immigration has become apart of our country’s fabric which, began centuries ago. Only to become a hot topic in the US in recent years with its primary focus being illegal immigrants. Illegal immigration is when people enter a country without government permission. As of 2008 the Center for Immigration Studies estimated that there are 11 million illegal immigrants in the US which is down from 2007‘s

Immigration and Nativism in the United States

2141 words - 9 pages became possessive about their country and tried to exclude and persecute the immigrant groups from non-western European backgrounds arriving in the U.S. This hostile, defensive, and xenophobic reaction to influxes of “new” immigrants known as Nativism was not far out of the mainstream. Nativism became a part of the American cultural and political landscape and helped to shape, through exclusion, the face of the United States for years to come

Pro Immigration in the United States

1332 words - 5 pages workers. But for workers who come to fill service jobs? Nada. The labor market demands roughly 500,000 such workers a year, but our immigration laws supply just 5,000 such immigrant visas annually. And this tiny trickle is back-logged for 10 years. It's a bit too early to rush to judgment on this issue because this is a recent phenomenon. I have one more thing to say on this subject ?The United States is not the wonderful country that it was. The

Immigration Policy in the United States

2012 words - 8 pages            We are now in the 21st century and like the beginning of the 20th century the United States finds itself in the throes of a period of mass immigration. More then one million immigrants enter the Unites States, both legally and illegally every single year. Many argue that this new wave of mass immigration may help sustain the success that our nation is having in regard to the way of living that many American have come accustomed to

Immigration in the United States of America

1118 words - 4 pages "Every immigrant who comes here should be required within five years to learn English or leave the country" said Theodore Roosevelt one of the forty four presidents of the United States. Nowadays, being a great empire in the international arena and the country full of opportunities America faces immigration from all over the world that in turn makes various problems within the country. It continues to be one of the controversial and divisive

Illegal Immigration in the United States

930 words - 4 pages Illegal immigration in the US is and has been an ongoing battle for many years. According to legal-dictionary an illegal immigrant is define as an alien (non-citizen) who has entered the united sates without government permission or stayed beyond the termination date of a visa. There are many problems that occur such as overpopulation, raising crime rates and unemployment. Some Americans have issues with illegal immigration and some do not

Illegal Immigration in the United States

1143 words - 5 pages Illegal Immigration The people of the United States are now showing higher dissatisfaction rates with the present US government, than that which was ever shown in the past; of course, they have very good reason to feel this way. One such example where the blatant incompetence and callous attitude of Congress

Illegal Immigration In The United States

1221 words - 5 pages National Issues Paper: Illegal Immigration There are more than 10 million illegal immigrants living in the United Sates, and each day that number is increasing by 1,400 illegal aliens. An illegal immigrant is a foreigner who either illegally crossed an international political border, whether it was by land, sea or air, or whether it be a foreigner who legally entered a country but nevertheless overstayed their visa in order to live and/or

United States in the Years 1860-1870

550 words - 2 pages United States in the Years 1860-1870 The United States between the years 1860-1870 was in turmoil, but from a historical point of view, this decade is one of the most exciting times in U.S. history. In 1861 there were still fifteen slave states, seven states open to slavery by the Dred Scott Decision and only eighteen free states in the north (Ferrell Atlas). This was a time of growth and change in the U.S. For example in 1867 the U.S

Similar Essays

Chinese Exclusion Act And Immigration Problems In The United States

1549 words - 6 pages In 1882 the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed by Congress. This act exiled Chinese laborers from arriving in the United States. This was the first time ever that a specific ethnicity was banned from immigrating to the U.S.A. Racism against the Chinese was strong, so the ban remained for ten years, but was eventually made “permanent”. However, China soon became a war ally in World War II, so the ban was repealed in 1943. There are many issues

Immigration In The United States Essay

1983 words - 8 pages 20th Century. While Immigrants come from all over the world the top two regions they come from are Asia and North America. After that, there is Africa, Europe, South America and Oceania, in that order. (Homeland) Currently Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are a rapidly growing immigrant population. Immigration from Asian countries has been increasing over the years. “In 2011, 25% of the foreign born population in the United States came

Immigration In The United States Essay

2115 words - 8 pages Immigration has been a very serious problem within the United States for many years. I personally feel that it is hurting our economy because of the drain of open jobs available to our own citizens. Immigration is a very controversial issue not only at home, but also amongst the entire world today. The majority of this "movement" is taking place within the U.S. It has caused a dramatic increase in population. Because of the increase, crime rates

Immigration In The United States Essay

1338 words - 5 pages Latinos and Asians also came to America as immigrants. Immigration has helped the United States by giving a helping hand and providing a workforce to deal with America’s growing manufacturing economy. In 1880-1930 more than 27 million new immigrants came to America from Italy, Germany, Europe, Russia, England, Canada, Ireland, and Sweden. Apart from all these countries, Mexico is the largest immigration source country. Chinese and Indian immigrants