Confucianism was taught as a way of life by Confucius in the 5th - 6th century BC. The Chinese cultures have been following the Confucianism ways for more than two millennia. It’s formation has been accredited to K’ung Fu-Tzu “master king” over the years.
Confucius considered himself a transmitter. He described himself as attempting to consciously understand the meaning of the past therefore bringing back vitality into seemingly outmoded rituals. Confucius was a lover of antiquity which motivated his strong desire to understand why certain rituals and ways were such as: ancestral cult, the reverence for heaven and the mourning ceremonies which had survived for centuries. He had cumulative power of culture and saw himself as a conservationist responsible for the continuity of the cultural values with the social norms that had worked so well for the civilization of the Chod dynasty. Mencius, Xunzi and other sustained Confucianism after the death of Confucius, however it was not influential until Dong Zhongshu emerged in the 2nd century when Confucianism became widely regarded as the cult of the Han state.
Confucianism was aimed at battering individuals and societies. Its primary goals was to educate people to be self-motivated and self-controlled as well as enable people to assume their responsibility for their actions and deed with the belief that this in turn would cultivate a better self that live in harmonious balance with society.
Daoism was developed in four stages: Proto Daoism-During this was a period of classic works from the Daode Jing, the Zhuangzi: namely highly influential upon the flourishing of the classical Daoism. Classical Daoism-Here Daoling was established as the way of the celestial masters known as: “the way of orthodox unity.” Modern Daoism: The boundaries are between elite Daoist religion, Budhism and local cult and at which at this time the boundaries began to blur increasingly. Contemporary Daoism: Daoism started to be practiced. Daoism is aimed at achieving immortality through breathing, meditation, helping others as well as utilizing the use of elixirs. Daoism has influenced Chinese culture positively as this where we see the birth to martial arts such as Tai chi and Qigong (James Miller, 2009). Also it has improved healthy living with longer vitality by living and practicing vegetarianism and incorporating exercise into ones life. Its texts have codified Chinese views on morality and behaviors regardless of religious affiliation.
Legalism was first formed by Shang Yang and then further developed by Hanfeizi and Li Si. This resulted in the reform of oriented philosophy which was meant to strengthen government and reinforce adherence to the law. Legalism fully emerged during the warring states period. Many...