CHIR113 – CHIROPRACTIC SCIENCES 1
CHIROPRACTIC, OSEOPATHY, PHYSIOTHERAPY
There are many health care facilities worldwide that provide treatment for an injured patient for all ages. Some professions are easily mistaken due to their philosophies and type of treatment. Professions that are commonly mistaken are Chiropractic, Osteopathy, and Physiotherapy. The purpose of this essay is to distinctly differentiate between the three professions to both increase my own knowledge and the knowledge of others.
Chiropractic is a form of health care that predominantly focuses on the relationships of structures (mainly the spine and pelvis) and its functions (mainly the nervous system). (10) The main focus is to treat a patient without the use of drugs or surgery and to also have long term positive outcomes on the patient(s) rather than immediate effect although there are also immediate reliefs of pain (mainly in the lower back). Physiotherapy focuses on the movement and function of an injured area to assess the mobility, diagnose the injury, and treat it.(2) the injured area is usually stabilised to prevent further injury from occurring. Osteopathy focuses on the structure of the body and how the bones, muscles, joints and internal organs function as one unit. (3) Osteopathy does not just treat a sore back or knee but it treats the whole body as a suffering unit therefore there is no specific stabilisation to the injured area.
Many people tend to get confused between Chiropractic and Osteopathy. Although they are very similar in the way they treat a patient, there are also distinct differences which separates the two professions. Both professions have philosophic beliefs of holism, naturalism and therapeutic conservatism in the processes of curing a patient. They both treat the body as a whole unit where all organs and systems strive to achieve a homeostatic balance against means that are both internal and external changes. (4) Manipulations and adjustments which are applied on articulations and the neuromuscular skeletal system will allow the body to regulate normal homeostasis which in turn will lead to improved health. It also helps contribute to locomotion and communication.(1) For instance, the misalignment of a vertebrae in the spinal cord will affect the communication between the brain, spine and rest of the body as it cannot send and receive relevant information to specific body organs or systems to help regulate homeostasis due to the articulation “squashing” nerves around the area. Both chiropractors and osteopaths can adjust this vertebrae to realign it so it is back in its original position. By doing so, it allows nerves around the spine to function properly, hence communication between the brain, spine and the rest of the body is back to normal. Therefore the body working as a holistic unit. Another similarity between both professions is that they consider all health aspects to help minimise and prevent...