According to Communication between cultures by Larry A.Samovar, Richard E. Porter and Edwin R.McDaniel, Buddhism was originated in Indian by the prince named Siddharth Guatama in about 563 B.C. Siddharth was born into a great luxury. He was married and by the age of 29 disillusioned with his opulence and ventured out of his palace. For the first time, the prince was encountered old age, sickness, and death. He was so moved with the painful realities of life that he left his wife and comfortable home to search for an end to human suffering. For the next six years, the prince discovered the way to overcome the suffering of life. He engaged himself in deep meditation and lived an austere life. It was the completion of calm and sense of serene confidence. He emerged from his self-imposed seclusion and became Buddha. (139)
Buddha is not god, but simply a man who became enlightened. He taught that all individuals have the potential to seek the truth on their own. According to Buddhist teacher Bhikkhu Bodki, “For the Buddha, the key to liberation is mental purity and correct understanding, and for this reason he rejects the notion that we gain salvation by learning from an external source.” External source mean, “betake yourself to no external refuge. Work out your own salvation with diligence” and “You are your own refuge; there is no other refuse.” (141)
Buddhism concerned with humanism and the art of living daily life rather than with supernatural authority or even metaphysical conjectures. The core of belief and practice to which all Buddhists adhere are “The Four Noble Truths.”
The First Noble Truth (dukkha) is that life is “suffering.” Bodhi explain, “The reason all worldly conditions are said to be “dukkha” is inadequate and unsatisfactory, impermanent and unstable. It because the lack of any substantial or immutable self, and because they cannot give us lasting happiness; secure against change and loss.” (142) It is important to understand that Buddhism is neither pessimistic nor optimistic. It is realistic view of life and the world.
The Second Noble Truth (tanha) concerns the origins of suffering. Buddha taught that much of our suffering is caused by craving, self-desire, envy, greed, and ignorance. He also taught that we can overcome the “origins of suffering” by developing the mind, thinking carefully, and meditating would lead to the true happiness and enlightenment. (142)
The Third Noble Truth is referred to as “The end of suffering, seeing clearly the truth of yourself, and the lack of a permanent self, can put an end to suffering.”
The Fourth Noble Truth is often called “The remedy” It is can be accomplished by following the Eightfold path. Right knowledge is achieving a correct understand and accepting the reality and origin of suffering and the ways leading to the cessation of suffering. Right purpose is being free from ill will, cruelty, and untruthfulness toward the self and other. Right speech is a service of...