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Christianity In Poland And The Church Of St. Florian

1103 words - 5 pages

Religion is a defining factor of what gave people a common identity; so in order to feel connected with one another, rulers would take it upon themselves to unite their kingdoms and establish a universal religion. During the late middle ages Christianity was on the rise. It was widely accepted and appealed mostly to women and slaves, but everyone had their benefits from the new religion. This change in religion was evident through artwork at the time, and the construction of churches across Europe.
Though Mieszko wasn’t ever formally crowned king, for he ruled as a duke, he was one of the best political, and military leader for his country. He assumed power from his father, Siemomysł, in ...view middle of the document...

Other sources say that his wife Dobrawa was the reason behind his conversion. After her death in 977, Mieszko went on to marry Oda, the daughter of a German count (Info-Poland). This marriage resulted in a better connection with Germany and allowed for their support and with it Mieszko was able to make several military conquests. He conquered Małopolska, or Lesser-Poland, including Cracow by 990, and Silesia by 992 (Info-Poland).
While lying on his deathbed in 992, Mieszko signed away most of his conquered territory on an act of donation, called the Dagome Iudex. This secured additional alliances with his neighbors and the papacy too, for he gave the center of his nation to Pope John XII. Not long after on May 25, 992 he died, leaving in his wake a well organized and strong state for his eldest son Bołslaw to seize control over (Polska)
During this time Christianity was definitely popular and quite common among the people of Poland, and people constructed lovely new churches and cathedrals. Since the religion was so widely acknowledged a great amount of effort and skill was put into building these monuments. The Church of St. Florian is a major feat of the civilizations of the early middle ages. Under the orders of Vincent Kadlubek, Krakow’s bishop at the time, it began its construction in 1184 in Krakow, Poland and finished in 1216 (Krakow Travel). Krakow is located on a river and has been a common stop along the trade route between Northern and Southern Poland for many centuries. The church, since its creation, has seen many troubles. It was destroyed twice by the Tatars in the years 1241 and 1259 (Kościół św. Floriana W Krakowie). In 1306 it was under the Czechs rule (Kościół św. Floriana W Krakowie). In the year 1528 a good portion of the city was burned by a great fire, however the church wasn’t burned because of the intervention by St. Florian.
St. Florian was born in 250 and when he was of age joined the roman military. He rapidly rose in rank, but was found out of not having followed all the commands of his officers about the...

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