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Christianity & Islam Essay

814 words - 4 pages

Christianity and Islam are the two most prominent religions in the world. On the surface, they appear to have very little in common, however, as you get deeper into areas such as rituals, beliefs, ethics and founders, The two show strong similarities, particularly in the fundamental areas. the word "Islam" is derived from the Arabic root "Salema" which means peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious sense, "submission" in islam, means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law. The word "christian" comes from the Greek word Christianos which is derived from the word Christos or Christ, which means anointed one.
Christianity has 2,100,000,000 followers. It was formed in 33 CE in modern day Palestine and it developed from Judaism. It is founded on the life, teachings, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Islam has 1,500,000,000 followers. It developed in the middle east in 7th century CE. It was founded on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad as an expression of the surrender to the will of Allah, the Arabic word for god.
Christians use the Bible, New and Old Testament, as the main reference for their teaching, guidance and worship. The Bible is also used in baptisms, coronations, church services and in homes, and is taken to be the true word of God, which is why Christians use its teachings in their everyday lives and revere it. The Muslims on the other hand use the Qur'an (Koran). Muslims consider the Qur'an to be the only book that has been protected by God from distortion or corruption. The Qur'an is the prime source of every Muslim's faith and practice, as it provides guidelines for the society, proper human conduct as well as for the economic system. It has 114 chapters, which have all been written in the old Arabic language but translated in over 40 languages. It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language.
Christianity has three major branches, these are Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox and Protestantism, with more subcategories within each of the branches. Until the late 20th century, most followers of Christianity were in the West, but now it has spread to every continent and is the largest religion in the world. Islam has several branches and more variety between those branches. The two major divisions within Islam are the Sunni...

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