Christianity’s Role In American Politics Essay

1456 words - 6 pages

Introduction
Christianity’s role in America has rapidly changed over the last decades. Although it is still the most popular religion in the country its power over the people has decreased significantly. However, there are still many misconceptions towards American Christianity and in order to understand the unique nature of this religiously diverse country; one must understand its history and its citizens own views on the matter.
Research Question
A common opinion of the people of Sweden is that America is country controlled by a group of Christian fanatics. I wish to showcase that Americans different views on religion in comparison to Europeans are mainly due to historical reasons and that its diverse religious views does not necessarily affect their political views. A common misconception is for example that both abortion and homosexuality is illegal and generally opposed by a majority of the American public due to religious reasons, I believe that this is simply not true and wish to bring forth evidence for this.
Background
Just like in Europe and many other parts of the world, religion has been on the decline for many years now in America. From the historical point of view, religion in America is very different from what it was in Europe. The first amendment of the American constitution forbids the state to establish an official church of the state. In other words, secularization is the very premise that America is built upon. In many European countries it is the complete opposite as in for example Sweden where the state church has played a huge role for centuries, and where the church was separated from the state only a few decades ago
This has caused American society to have a rather unique view on religion. America is one of the most religiously diverse countries in the world and tolerance towards other religions and different orientations of said religions are essential to the American society. This tolerance has played a vital role in maintaining the various different religious affiliations throughout the country’s history.
Method
I am going to search for articles, statistical studies and research papers on various internet websites, such as World book and Google scholar. I will also read various Swedish newspapers to show how they report on this subject for example in the newspaper Tempus.

Results
In America today there are hundreds of different Christian groups and affiliations. Due to the fact that America has never had a state church and always had complete freedom of religion, unique views of life have been allowed to thrive creating a wide range of opinions. From the perspective of a Swede, some of these opinions can be regarded as extreme and are frowned upon also by most Americans, however to judge the entire population based on the opinion of a few is just...

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