Christianity Vs Hinduism Essay

4388 words - 18 pages

Religion is known as one's service and worship to God or another supernatural being. It is a commitment and devotion to religious faith or observance based on one's beliefs. Religion is a sacred engagement that is believed to be a spiritual reality. The community to which they belong determines the objects that humans consider to be sacred. In some instances a heavenly god may be the center of a religion. In other cases it may be saviors, scriptures, and even the sacraments involved with that particular belief system (Encarta Encyclopedia 2005).Hinduism and Christianity are two religions that have been around for thousands of years. These religions have developed philosophies on certain subjects that can be compared in order to show their similarities and differences. Some of the main subjects that can be reflected upon after learning of the history and fundamentals of these religions are the paths to enlightenment/salvation, and the afterlife. One of the most important elements of these religions is their history. The Hindu religion disputably began around 2500 years before the Common Era (B.C.E.) in India. It was geographically based along the Indus River, which was called "Hindu" by the Persians who had migrated there. They also called the land Hindustan and it's inhabitants, Hindus. After that, the religion that followed was called Hinduism. Today, almost 800 million people practice the Hindu religion (Worlds, 261). More than a religion, Hinduism is a way of life and a philosophy that is most concerned with spirituality and enlightenment. The idealism of the Hindu religion comes from the Vedas, which are the Hindu religion's oldest scriptures and are considered to be a direct revelation of God. The Upanishads are writings that take their themes from the Vedas.According to Smith "Christianity is the most widespread and has the largest number of adherents"(smith, 317). Christianity started about 2000 years ago in Judea. Christianity is founded on the ministry and teaching of Jesus Christ ('Jesus the Messiah') who lived among Palestinian Jews from about 6-5 BCE to 30 CE. Our knowledge of Jesus' ministry derives almost entirely from the four Gospels of the New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John), which present Jesus as one whoproclaimed the arrival of the kingdom of God throughout the villages and countryside of Galilee. His acceptance of social outsiders and his claim to prophet hood and divinity led to conflict with the Jewish priesthood and ultimately to his arrest and execution by crucifixion. Each of the Gospels contains accounts of Jesus' resurrection from the dead, and John's contains a reference to Jesus' ascension to heaven.Hinduism and Christianity represent two of the oldest religions of the East and the West. While they are different from each other, in reality, yet they compare and contrast greatly. In fact, at the philosophical level, they are very similar, while both views on the destiny of human soul are very different....

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