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A Brief Biography Of Christopher Columbus

1161 words - 5 pages

Little may one know about Christopher Columbus, other than the fact that “Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492”. Even though he was claimed to have discovered the Americas, he was never the first to arrive there because (according to historians) the Vikings were there first. But, his discovery led other people in Europe know about the Americas therefore changing the world. Columbus shaped the world as we know it today.
Columbus was born around 1451 in the republic of Genoa (what today would be in Italy). As a teenager, he participated in some trading voyages in the Mediterranean and Aegean seas for a job to earn some money. When Columbus was young, voyages had always fascinated him so he decided to start sailing the seas, hoping he could discover something new. His first voyage to the Atlantic Ocean in 1476 nearly killed him when a group of French privateers attacked Columbus and his crew off the coast of Portugal. So Columbus swam all the way to Lisbon which is also where he settled and married Felipa Perestrello. Together the two had a son named Diego in the year 1480. Columbus’ wife died soon after Columbus went to Spain and then had a second son Fernando who was born out of Wedlock in 1488 with Beatriz Enriquez de Arana. Columbus studied Mathematics, Astronomy, Cartography, and Navigation at Lisbon which is where Columbus would start his quest to finding a new world.
On his mission to discover a new world, he took his plan first to a Portuguese king for a three ship voyage, which was rejected. Then he took his plan to Genoa and then to Venice but was rejected there too. He then went to the Spanish monarchs Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon in 1486. He proposed the idea of why not sail west across the Atlantic instead of around the huge African Continent. At first Columbus was rejected but they had told Columbus to wait because they were in the middle of the Muslim war. So that’s what Columbus did, he waited until the Spanish army captured the last Muslim stronghold in Granada in January 1492.Columbus’ contract with the monarchs stated that he could keep 10% of whatever riches he found, along with a noble title and governorship of whatever land he should encounter. The monarchs then agreed to finance their expedition and by August of 1492, he left Spain in the Santa Maria with the Pinta and the Nina along side. After 36 days of sailing, Columbus and his crew had set foot on the present day Bahamas, claiming it for Spain Naming the Island San Salvador. There they had faced a shy but nice group of natives who traded goods and resources with the crew. In fact, he originally called these Naïve Americans Indians because he thought he had made it to the Indies (Asia). From there they took off and continued their journey and reach the islands of Cuba and Hispaniola. On Christmas night 1492, the Santa Maria was wrecked on a reef off the Coast of Hispaniola, with the help...

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