Chronic Back Pain Essay

1151 words - 5 pages

Definition of the condition:
Chronic Pain is described as a long lasting pain that people experience beyond a normal healing time (Hasenbring, Rusu & Turk, 2012). This time is usually up to three or six months prior to an incident (Hasenbring, Rusu & Turk, 2012). Chronic back pain can include common diagnosis of muscle spasms, back strain, or myofasical syndrome (Weiner & Nordin, 2010). There are three different types of chronic back pain; simple musculoskeletal back pain, spinal nerve root pain and serious spinal pathology (Jackson & Simpson, 2006). (Hasenbring, 2012)
Causes/ aetiology:
There is suggested evidence that a number of anatomical structures such as, bones, intervertebral discs, muscles, ligaments, joints and neural structures cause back pain (Hoy, Brooks, Blyth & Buchbinder, 2010). Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) is a condition that is believed to cause chronic back pain (Weiner & Nordin, 2010). It occurs when there is an extrusion of disc material into the surrounding tissue (Weiner & Nordin, 2010). It is also suggested that abnormal stress of the ligaments, muscles and mechanoreceptors contribute to back pain (Weiner & Nordin, 2010). The main cause of chronic back pain has not been identified, but there are many suggested issues that are believed to contribute to chronic back pain.
Symptomology:
Simple musculoskeletal back pain has symptoms of pain in the lumbrasacral area of the back (Jackson & Simpson, 2006). The upper thighs and knees are also known to be affected (Jackson & Simpson, 2006). This pain is usually described as a dull pain (Jackson & Simpson, 2006). Spinal nerve root pain is localised down the leg, and usually continues below the knee and into the feet (Jackson & Simpson, 2006). It has been described as a sharp, electric shock through the leg (Jackson & Simpson, 2006).
Medical investigations for diagnosis and injury progression:
To prevent chronic back pain, medical investigations and clinical evaluation is necessary to provide the best treatment (Weiner & Nordin, 2010). To investigate the signs of nerve root damage, the femoral stretch test and straight leg raise test is used to diagnose spinal nerve root back pain (Jackson & Simpson, 2006). These neurological tests help to reveal whether there are sensory, motor or reflex abnormalities in the body (Jackson & Simpson, 2006). If there is a suspicion of serious spinal pathology, investigations need to be assigned to eliminate the possibilities of infection, inflammation or tumours (Jackson & Simpson, 2006).
Medical and other treatments:
The main goal for treating chronic back pain is to get rid of the pain (Weiner & Nordin, 2010) and increase physical and social functions of the body (Jackson & Simpson, 2006). There are different ways of treating chronic back pain, which includes medication, physical therapies, interventional treatment, spinal cord stimulation, acupuncture or surgery, depending on the severity of pain that is experienced (Jackson &...

Find Another Essay On Chronic Back Pain

pain Essay

1168 words - 5 pages among caregivers did not relate to patients and caregivers’ disagreement in reporting pain behaviors. The results of this study replicate the earlier findings on the existence of attentional bias to pain among family caregivers of chronic pain patients (Mohammadi et al., 2012) and parents of children with pain (Liossi et al., 2012; Vervoort et al., 2011). In detection of attentional biases to pain information one of the substantial elements is

Pancreatitis Case Study

821 words - 4 pages because the body is unable to secrete enough digestive enzymes to break down foods. The symptoms of acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis are shown below: Acute pancreatitis: • Upper abdominal pain that radiates into the back • Swollen & tender abdomen • Nausea and vomiting • Fever • Increased heart rate Chronic pancreatitis: • Constant pain that radiates in the upper abdomen that • radiates into the back • Weight loss • Diabetes (if the

Pain Management

1439 words - 6 pages . Therefore, the unethical treatment of pain can be traced back nurses. Since Abdalrahim et al. (2010) stated that nurses are not being properly educated in pain and pain management here is some different definitions and examples. According to Engebretson, Monsivais, & Mahoney (2006), “Pain results from somatosensory, cognitive and emotional events, and, in the case of chronic pain, neuroplastic changes that alter the physiology and change

Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain-week 7

799 words - 3 pages physiological indices significantly correlated with the comfort of 'behavior' scores. It was concluded that behavioral and physiological indicators, usually interconnected in a very painful situation and can confirm the diagnosis of pain. Finally, Koho et al. (2001) and watched videos of patients with chronic back pain (N = 51), as they passed a series of physical problems, in which the VAS was used as an additional assessment tool to

Pain Assessment Tool for Postoperative Pain-week 7

665 words - 3 pages correlated with the comfort of 'behavior' scores.It was concluded that behavioral and physiological indicators, usually interconnected in a very painful situation and can confirm the diagnosis of pain. Finally, Koho et al. (2001) and watched videos of patients with chronic back pain (N = 51), as they passed a series of physical problems, in which the VAS was used as an additional assessment tool to measure the pain experience.Some authors argue that

Legalizing Medical Marijuana: Treating Chronic Pain, Curing Cancer, and Mood Disorders

1602 words - 7 pages drug” (Souder 2). On the flip side, many researchers believe that medical marijuana should be legalized and could be used to treat patients with chronic pain, cancer, and mood disorders. There are twenty states who already have medical marijuana legalized and used for medical reasons. Why do other states have marijuana legalized for medical reasons if professionals believe marijuana is just a harmful street drug? Going back to the American Cancer

Fibromyalgia - Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

1378 words - 6 pages reduce as the day progresses, but will not go away completely. 3. Chronic pain - the pain is always there, sometimes more or sometimes less, but it is always there. 4. The worst pain moves along the body - today it may be back pain, tomorrow it may be knee pain or irritable bowel syndrome or neck pain. 5. Restless legs - some people having FM shake their legs lying on the bed due to itching and aching in the legs 6. Tinnitus -some people feel a

Measuring Pain

6734 words - 27 pages hook swinging ceremony takes place. Two steel hooks are placed into the lower back of a youth who is to experience the ceremony. He is then hoisted on to a pole and transported from village to village. During the whole of this process the youth displays no pain whatsoever, despite what must appear to be excruciating pain. Of course, we are unable to measure the degree of pain experienced and can only infer from the youth’s

Alleviating Osteoarthritis

989 words - 4 pages elderly population with osteoarthritis will contribute to discovering the benefits of alleviating chronic pain in the elderly. Discoveries found through a multitude of studies pertaining to osteoarthritis had substantial findings in alleviating pain. A six month study involved chronic low back pain; researchers found the Buprnorphine Transdermal System proved to be an effective way to control the discomfort. Even though side

aquatic therapy

1064 words - 5 pages therapy, where the exercise and rehabilitation takes place in the water. It can be used for many things, from obese people with knee pain to those that suffer from lower back pain. This type of therapy is important because it can alleviate some of the symptoms of chronic heart failure without having to rely on medication. Aquatic Therapy Background Information Aquatic therapy is beneficial because being in water allows more flexibility and

Hepatitis C

1004 words - 4 pages so many people ignore them and go back to their normal lives. Once most people become infected with acute hepatitis C and are untreated, patient will develop chronic hepatitis. In fact 85 percent of infected people develop chronic hepatitis C (Palmer 118). Chronic hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis of the liver, liver failure, and liver cancer (Hoofnagle). If Chronic hepatitis does not reverse itself, and a liver transplant is not done the liver

Similar Essays

Psychosocial Factors Role In Adjustment Of Chronic Pain

1773 words - 7 pages help and is looking for trouble, when it becomes chronic, leading the individual to an imperceptible process of adaptation. This means that the pain is becoming more bearable without seeming change in intensity, the patient learns to adapt to pain, and it could be seen quiet, doubting its veracity as an informant. Studies on the natural history of the disease have shown that, at least in the U.S., between 50 and 70% of adults experience back pain

Pain Managment: Alternative Ways To Reduce Pain

1372 words - 5 pages This paper will discuss alternative ways to relieve or reduce pain other than the pharmaceutical way of thinking and taking medication. There are many different ways to reduce and manage pain other than taking pain medication. For centuries acupuncture has helped people find relief from all different ailments including chronic pain. Other ways to find relief from pain may include massage, chiropractic care, for many people exercise helps

The War On Pain Essay

688 words - 3 pages -drug culture, which pushes the DEA to tightly monitor the health profession. Like a diabetic who needs insulin to control his blood sugar level, a chronic pain sufferer needs painkillers to manage pain. Without the help of this medication patients suffering from fibromyalgia, FBSS (Failed Back Surgery Syndrome), cancer, or AIDS may have no hope to live a pain-reduced existence or in some cases a pain free passage into heaven. Emotional well being

Chronic Pain Management: Opioids And Their Alternatives

3491 words - 14 pages . (2013). Acupuncture cured my back pain. Retrieved November 5, 2013, from http://www.acupuncture-answers.com/acupuncture-cured-my-back-pain.html Hopton, A., & MacPherson, H. (2010). Acupuncture for chronic pain: Is acupuncture more than an effective placebo? A systematic review of pooled data from meta-analyses. Pain Practice : The Official Journal of World Institute of Pain, 10(2), 94-102. doi:http://dx.doi.org.leo.lib.unomaha.edu/10.1111/j